Progeess of Egyptology.
in Petrie's History, vol. i., from an astronomical point of view, and in
p. 117 of the same publication Petrie replies to the criticism. Memphis
and Mylcenae : an examination of Egyptian Chronology and its appli-
cation to the early history of Greece, by C. Toer, is a careful and searching
piece of work by a non-Egyptologist. The author obtains a series of
minimum dates by adding together the lengths of reigns already
discovered upon the monuments. This of course effects an enormous
reduction on the current reckoning ; the Xllth Dynasty is brought down
to about 1500 b.c., so that the method can hardly give a fair idea of
E. Alker, Die Vortrojanische JEgypiische Chronologic in EinMang
mit cler Biblisclien, attempts to reconcile the Biblical with the Egyptian
chronology in an arbitrary fashion. His materials are somewhat
antiquated ; and as a sample of his system we may state that he abolishes
the XIHth Dynasty and makes the Vth contemporary with the Xllth.
There has not been much work in this branch during the year, although
some important Greek identifications have been made. In the Faiyum
it has been shown that Kum Ushim is the site of Karanis, and Kum el
Katl the site of Bacchias. (See p. 14 above, Mr. Hogarth's report.)
Prom the trilingual inscription of Cornelius Gallus found at Philae, we learn
three new names : Boresis, apparently north of Coptos, but as yet uniden-
tified ; Keramike, between Coptos and Thebes and probably the modern
Ballas, which is the principal seat of the jar-making industry ; Ophieum,
south of Thebes, and probably the ancient city of Hefan, between Hermon-
this and Esneh (Sethe, in Situ. Berl. j/cad.,1896,p.482). In this inscription
also occurs the rare and interesting name Triakontoschoenus, probably
denoting a district of thirty schoeni in length south from the Dodeca-
schoenus in Nubia. The present writer, Proc. Soc. Bib. Arch, xviii. p. 54,
cf. p. 106, has published a milestone inscribed in Greek and Latin,
giving the distance from Hermopolis (Damanhur) to Chaereu (Nishweh-
Karyun ?), on the Canopic branch of the Nile. Dakessy, Bee. Ac Trav.
xvii. p. 118, has published an important list of Egyptian place-names,
with their divinities.
With regard to Egyptian names for foreign localities, Maspeeo, Bee.
de Trav. xvii. p. 138, upholds that Keftiu is Phoenicia, and I.e. p. 142,
points out two Biblical personal names equivalent to place-names in
Edom or Palestine, mentioned in the story of Sanehat. Cf. Offobd,
Proc. Soc. Bib. Arch, xviii. p. 106.