Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1896-1897

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


statue was sent for the healing of King Amenhetep III. : compare
the tradition of the healing of the princess of Bekhten by the god

Meyer points out how the system of government of Syria devised by
Thothmes III. continued under Amenhetep III. and IV., but that the
Egyptian ascendency was very much weakened under Amenhetep III.,
while it was at that time that the Hittite power began its rapid encroach-
ment. The name Qatna confirms the Egyptian Qadina, the authenticity
of which had been doubted. Amuri is the Egyptian Amur, Amorites in
the Lebanon region. Suti — Egyptian Setiu = Bedawin of Syria and
Mesopotamia, as troops of the Syrian dynasts. Khdbiri = Hebrews,
also troops and allies of Syrian dynasts, and the Shasu of Seti I.'s
great campaign (fibers' Festschrift, 62).

Foreign Relations.

H. Winckler has written Die Hebriier in den Tel-Amarna Briefen
(Kohut, Scmit. Stud. p. 005).

Eeman and Bissing identify three Egyptian names for certain forms of
jars occurring in the Tell el Amarna letters (A. Z, xxxiv. 1G5).

Hommel's Ancient Hebrew Tradition as illustrated by the Monuments
—original in German, published simultaneously—is another of the books
intended to bring the results of research in Western Asia and Egypt to
bear upon the Old Testament records. In the present case the
endeavour is principally to elucidate the Biblical proper names, to point
out changes in the fashion of them, to mark the introduction of foreign
elements, and generally to discover their historical bearings, and to show
that in most cases they belong to the periods to which the Biblical
accounts appear to attribute them. At present, in this department of
research the statements and identifications of one year are too often
upset, contradicted, or greatly modified by the discoveries of the next;
but it is evident that, as time goes on, Old Testament criticism will be
furnished with an entirely new set of tests by which to judge the ages
and values of the compositions in the Bible. External evidence from the
monuments will in the end have more weight than internal evidence, the
arguments from which seem occasionally too finely spun to stand the
strain of new facts. The references to Egypt in the book are fairly
numerous, under Ebsha'a, Ammianshi, Urim, Suti, Sha'asu, Putiel,
Phiueas, Passah, Arpakhesed, &c, &c. Considering the character of the
book, it would have been interesting to know what llotnmel deduces from
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