Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1897-1898

Seite: 9
DOI Artikel: DOI Seite: Zitierlink: i
Lizenz: Creative Commons - Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen
Excavations at Hierakonpolis.


mainly used, it is certain that flint and copper stood side by side, both
used for their own suitable purposes, through the Old and Middle
Kingdoms; not until the New Empire, when bronze became used, did
flint become subsidiary, and it was still worked freely down to later
Roman times.

In all the burials of pre-dynastic times not a single example of
hieroglyphic writing has been found, nor a single scarab amulet. Rudely
scratched marks on pottery are abundant ; but in only two or three
instances are there any marks which could be connected with the later
hieroglyphic signs.

When we reach dynastic times a great change has taken place ; the
inhabitants are physically of a different type, the head is not so
remarkably long and narrow, and the nose is thinner ; hieroglyphics
are freely used ; copper has become far more common ; the wheel was
used for pottery, and the lathe for stone. The styles of the pre-dynastic
objects can yet be traced, altered, and degraded, into what we called
the " later New Race " style two or three years ago: all the graceful
and highly skilled hand pottery has changed to clumsy, tasteless forms,
and the exquisite contours of the stone vases have passed into mere
lumpiness. But a new force was at work, and artistic drawing and
modelling of natural forms begins to appear stiffly and in archaic
fashion, but leading directly into all the well-known conventions of later
Egyptian art.

The following are the remains of the twenty-one kings as yet
known :—

Mena (?). Great tomb 100 x 50 cubits at Naqada, opened by de
Morgan. Ka-name Aha; sign men read on ivory plaque, and supposed
to be Mena. Great numbers of stone vases, broken; the whole tomb
burnt. Two pieces from Abydos, and a jar seal from Hierakonpolis also
bear the name.

Meebap, on a piece from Abydos. Limestone cylinder, with second
royal name Ra-kha-?-?-? (Petrie).

Sem-en-ptah on a piece from Abydos.

Ka-ea, Golden Horus name Ka-nefer; Khaires dyn. ii. 6th king.
Cylinder from El Kab. The following are all k-uames:—

Den. Great tomb at Abydos, 22 x 16 cubits, with red granite floor:
hence an ivory tablet with king slaying enemy (Mac Gregor). Great
stele, Abydos.

Net-ab (Azu-abu, Maspero). Seal impression in tomb of Den;
alabaster vase, Abydos.
loading ...