Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1897-1898

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pKOGltESS OF Egyptology.

Some inscriptions on private grave-stelae of the earliest period from
Abydos are published by Erman, A. Z. xxxv. 11.

Dakessy has a note on two obscure royal names of the Old Kingdom
beginning with Horus ; he also records the discovery of the cartouches of
Sebekhetep II. and of a new king, Mentuemsaf of the Middle Kingdom,
at Gebelen. Bee. de Tr. xx. 72.

In publishing some historical scarabs in the collection of Mr. John
Ward the present writer has taken the opportunity of discussing the
group of kings which Flinders Petrie had observed from the style of their
scarabs to be of the same period as Khyan, who must be placed either
at the beginning or at the end of the Middle Kingdom. P. 8. B. A.
xix. 293.

Max Mullee reviews the evidence that may throw light on the
obscurity that surrounds the Hyksos period. He points out that
according to the inscription of Hatshepsut referring to the time, " Aamu,
and strangers amongst them," then held Lower Egypt. He concludes
that the " strangers "—who are thus opposed to the Aamu Easterns,
familiar to the Egyptians—were non-Semitic and from North Syria;
they were the ruling class, upheld by a small body of soldiers of their
own nationality. Set was the Hyksos dynastic god, probably for no
other reason than that he was the local god of their Egyptian capital,
Avaris. Also, in the opinion of the writer, there was only the one
dynasty of six Hyksos kings, the most important of the latter being
Khyan, whose empire may have extended as widely as that of Thothmes
III., if not still further. The paper is acutely reasoned : the first two
conclusions are very important. Studienzur Vorderasiatischer Geschiahte,
pp. 1-26 in the Mittheilungen der Vurderas. Gesellschaft.

In A. Z. xxxv. 30 at seqq. Naville reviews at great length the recent
publication by Sethe which proposed a new order for the succession of
the kings of the XVIII tb. Dynasty from Thothmes I. to III. M. Naville
contests nearly every point in Sethe's elaborate theory. Lieblein also
discusses the question whether Thothmes III. was the son of Thothmes I.
(P. S. B. A. xx. 93). Sethe, however, in A. Z. xxxvi. 24 et seqq., replies
vigorously to M. Naville's attack in an article of fifty-seven pages accom-
panied by sketches showing the mutilations of sculptures consequent on
the various phases of the family quarrels which he supposes to have
arisen between Thothmes I., II., and III., and Hatshepsut. Certain
mistakes pointed out by the reviewers of his first essay are now corrected
and other points modified in accordance with new materials obtained
from the publication of Deir el Bahari, from Lepsius' MS. collections, and
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