Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1897-1898

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


from originals in the Gizeh Museum. But in the main Setlie finds his
theory confirmed. It now stands as follows: —

On the death of his heiress-wife Thothmes I. abdicated. From that
time a legitimist party pushed the claims of the heiress-queen,
Hatshepsut, whose name therefore appears from time to time very
prominently upon the monuments, while another party, represented by
the kings, cut out her cartouches, inserting those of Thothmes I., II., or
III., according to circumstances. At first Thothmes HI. (eldest son of
Thothmes I., but by an inferior wife) reigns, having married his half-sister,
the aforesaid Hatshepsut, who had full royal blood. After five or six
years Hatshepsut appears as co-regent with her husband, but subse-
quently the latter wearied of her and erased her figure from the
sculptures, generally replacing it by a table of offerings which could be
placed before the god by whom the queen had, in the original design,
been greeted. But the power of Thothmes III. waned, and 'Thothmes II.,
the fully royal son of Thothmes I., appears. Thothmes II. dies and
Thothmes III. again reigns with his queen as co-regent. At last, in his
twenty-first year, Hatshepsut dies, Thothmes III. reigns alone, and
commences his career of conquest. According to this scheme the years
of the reigns of Hatshepsut and Thothmes II. are included in the reign
of Thothmes III., for the break in his reign would no doubt be ignored
in bis regnal dates. Hatshepsut was permanently excluded from the
list of kings and her cartouches were destroyed by Thothmes III., but
against Thothmes II. the latter never bore any malice. M. Naville
quotes instances in support of the old theory that Thothmes II. was
husband of Hatshepsut. Sethe denies that he ever reigned with that
queen and proves his argument in two points out of three; the third
point requires verification, but probably is on the same footing as the
others. He denies that Amenhotep IV. destroyed Hatshepsut's name
and titles. On p. 64 there is a note very ingeniously explaining the
scd-heb, or thirty years' jubilee, as counted not from the year of a king's
accession, but from that of his proclamation as crown prince. This
seems, on the facts, exceedingly probable.

Navim.e (Rec. de Tr. xix. 214) gives the true form of the prenomen of
king Tafnekht on a monument at Athens.

Wincklek (Altor. Forsch. I. 474) reviews the course of the Egyptian
campaigns of Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal, with the help of new docu-
ments; see also some further fragments, ih. II. 1 et seqq.

From the stela of the Dream and other sources, Schap'EK [A. Z. xxxv.
67) proves that Tanutameu reigned at least two years after the death of
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