Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1901-1902

Seite: 17
DOI Artikel: 10.11588/diglit.12054.4
DOI Seite: 10.11588/diglit.12054#0031
Zitierlink: i
Lizenz: Creative Commons - Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen
Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


wall was never suspected before, but it has been traced around the back
and sides, and had a desert pylon which throws much light on the meaning
of the temple. This pylon is exactly in the axis of the main body of the
temple, behind the central chapel, and the wall projects on either side of
it exactly as much as the breadth of the temple. This exit, leading on to
the desert, has a causeway for some way outside of it, and it points
straight to the hillock covered with offerings which adjoins the royal tombs
of the early kings. In short, the purpose of the position of the temple is
to stand in front of the royal cemetery and to lead to it, just as the
funerary chapels of the later kings were connected with their tombs by
causeways. This shows that the purpose of Sety in building this temple,
and placing the long list of kings in it, was to provide a funeral chapel for
his ancestors. Hence the real name of this building is the Temple of the
Kings. This discovery of the pylon and causeway completes our view of
the Eoyal Tombs, which were excavated in the last two years, by showing-
how they were honoured in later times.

" The plan of this temple is well known to be unlike that of any other in
its irregularities. These have been conclusively shown to have nothing to
do with its being in a hill; the levels of the pavement simply follow the
natural slope of the ground. But the temenos wall proves certainly that
the main body of the temple was the only breadth contemplated in the
original plan, and several details agree in showing that the large southern
block of buildings was originally intended to be placed at the back, in
continuation of the main body; this system, as drawn on pi. xxv., produces
a normal temple plan.

" The drawings comprise most of the great sacred barques, which are full
of details of fittings and decorations ; several shrines and sacred standards ;
details of vases, ornaments, and clothing; and a long inscription from the
edge of the bench where the sacred barques were dressed for the
processions; together with the detailed plans and sections of the temple.

" The great tomb within the temenos yet awaits clearance. It has
a passage about fifty yards long lined with texts of the Book of Am Dual,
like the Tombs of the Kings at Thebes ; and the passage extends much
further still underground, doubtless to a tomb yet to be reached. Whether
this was intended as a duplicate tomb for Sety himself, or was for some
high-priest of Osiris, will be seen when it is cleared, as is intended in the
coming winter if sufficient funds become available for this necessary

For the following section we are indebted to Mr. J. Garstang, who

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