Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1901-1902

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Aechaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


important legal text known of the period (A. Z. xxxix. 1). M. Loret
leaves the translation and discussion to M. Mobet, who follows with an
interesting study of it, ib. xi.

Martaba of Ptahhetep and Akhethetep, Part ii., reviewed by Maspebo,
Bev, Grit., Sept. 16th, 1901.

Met Bahineh. A basin constructed of stones from an earlier building
of Nekhthorheb : Dabessy, Ann. ii. 240.

Oaibo. Fragment of a granite naos with inscriptions of Nekhtnebef,
found in a mosque : Ahmed Bey Kamal, Ann. ii. 129.

Bubastis. The shrine of the temple with inscriptions of Osorkon II.,
now in the Cairo Museum : Dabessy, Bee. xxiii. 132.

London. Last year Messrs. Bead and Bbyant published a careful copy
of a much worn text in honour of Ptah, of the age of Shabaka, with
translation, etc. (P. 8. B. A. xxiii. 160). Shortly afterwards Prof.
Bbeasted republished it in a beautifully drawn copy, together with an
analysis of the text, differing widely from the previous interpretation {A. Z.
xxxix. 39). Messrs. Bead and Bryant print a reply to Breasted maintain-
ing their reading (P. 8. B. A. xxiv. 206).

Following Prof. Breasted's interpretation, this very remarkable inscrip-
tion contains a philosophical conception of the world, according to which
all things originated from the desires of the heart, through the speech of
the tongue, and states that Ptah himself is the tongue and speech of the
gods. It is far earlier than any known Greek philosophy. In fact,
there is strong evidence that the text is copied from a still older docu-
ment, probably not later than the XVIIIth Dynasty. Thus, as Prof.
Breasted points out, there may be some truth in the tradition that the
earliest Greek philosophy was based on Egyptian teaching. He thinks
that the ideas here expressed may well have been suggested by the busy
workshop of the Memphite temple, taken as a type of the world. In the
Monist (April, 1902, p. 321) Professor Breasted gives a complete trans-
lation of the text, and discusses the position of this earliest of

Beblin. Review of Schafer's Aetliiopische Konigsinschrift des
Berliner Museums (inscription of Nastosen): Maspebo, Rev. Grit., Sept.
16th, 1901. He considers the supposed occurrence of the name of
Cambyses very doubtful.

Ueiage. The stela No. 10 of Ullage, recording the family of a grand
wazir of the XVIIIth Dynasty : Ddeinge, Sphinx, vi. 21.

Stockholm. Corrected genealogy (Lieblein, 2294) from a mummy in
the museum : Piehl, Sphinx, vi. 52.
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