M. Naville, recalling the instances in which chapters of the Book of
the Dead are said to liave been found beneath the feet of deities or in the
foundations of buildings, and others in which religions texts have actually
been discovered by excavators in similar positions in Egypt, argues that
the finding of the Law in 2 Kings xxii. 3 \vas the finding, during the repairs
ordered by Josiah, of the sacred book which had been deposited in the
structure at the time of Solomon's building of the Temple ; if this is the
correct interprétation it will throw back the date of Deuteronomy to an
early âge. La découverte de la Loi sous le roi Josias (Mém. de l'Acad. des
Inscr. xxxviii. 1). The reading of the memoir raised considérable
discussion in the Prench Academy. C.R. 1909, p. 779.
Prof. Saciiau has announced that two papyri from Elephantine contain
fragments of an Aramaic version of the great Behistun text of Darius L,
which seems to prove that it was officially communicated to ail parts of
the empire. Sitzb. Berl. Ae. 1909, 1295.
Lidgbarski in Ephcmcris f. Sem. Epiyr. III., Heft 2, reviews Sayce
and Cowley's Aramaic papyri discovered at Assuan and Sachau's Drci
Aramàische Papyrusurkundc aus JElephantine. In the former he discusses
especially the datings and the metrology. Further he rejects as false a
haematite seal with Semitic legend bought in Cairo and published by
Clermont-Ganneau (ib. p. 07), and has varions remarks on documents
found in or connected with Egypt.
Eadet brings forward évidence that Egypt was practically a vassal of
Persia from about 538 b.c. in the reign of Cyrus. La première incorporation
de VEgypte à l'Empire perse (not seen).
W. Max Muller shows from Egyptian documents that anklets were
worn by Asiatics, and apparently by Persian officiais as a rnark of rank,
O.L.Z. xii. 381, and describes a remarkable seal found by Pétrie at
Memphis in connexion with Persian documents, ib. xiii. 305.
Several Nabataean and early Cufic inscriptions from the wadies nortli
of the Coptos-Kusêr road are published by P. W. Green. P.S.B.A.
Africa. Naville discusses the Anu peoples, finding them not only in
Ethiopia but also in Sinai and in Libya, and concludes that they were the
aborigines of North East Africa in whom is to be seen the predynastic
population of Egypt, llcc. de Trav. xxxii. 52, and argues in opposition to
Meyer that the qarnata désignâtes the waist-pouch of the Libyans.
Sphinx, xiii. 227.
Sayce writes on the history of Meroë, Livcrpool Annals, III. 53, and
Garstang contributes a preliminary note on the work of the expédition to