The artists repository and drawing magazine: exhibiting the principles of the polite arts in their various branches — 3.1789

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[ *66 ]

proportioned to six, and afterwards to severi*
or eight, including bases and capitals, which
latter (capitals) are but small in the stru&ures
of remoter antiquity. As to pedestals, it is
clear, as they had no bases, they could have no

The Ionic column was elevated to nine dia-
meters, including the base and the capita], and

thereby acquired a lightness which the Doric

did not possess; the members of its entabla-
ture also were proportionally elevated, to corre-
spond with the delicacy of the column : and
now pedestals were introduced, as imparting
greater height to the order, without disturbing
Its parts.

Ten diameters were given to the Corinthian
column, and its entablature was varied of
course. Eeyond this, we have no rules for
proportionate, or regular architecture; and we
find, that (as in some Gothic buildings) where
pillars of more (lender dimensions are adopted,
they mult be placed several together, one alone
being weak and insufficient.

The esfedl of an order is very much deter-
mined by the projedlion of its parts, (which
preserve a certain ratio to their heights) and
depends greatly on the shadows such parts will
cast, when in their proper places in the build-
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