Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1897-1898

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Progress op Egyptology.

the goddess to Pharaoh as a religious sign of the submission of Nineveh
to Pharaoh. The return of the goddess to Dushratta would be the sigu
that Pharaoh gave the city back to him. Probably the king of Mitanni
was under some great obligation to Amenhetep, and treated the latter,
of friendship, not of necessity, as if he were his suzerain.

Max Muller (Rec. de Tr. xx. 31) prints notes on the " Israel stela " of
Merenptah, and Naville, ib. 32, follows with remarks on the last lines
of the same.

Spiegelbekg (Zeit.f. Ass. xiii. 47) prints a collection, chiefly from new
or little-kuown sources, of Semitic proper names written in hieroglyphs
of the time of the New Kingdom, with interesting comments.

Max Muller (Studicnz. Vorderas. Qesch. 39) suggests that theMinaean
(S. Arabian) inscription from Egypt of the time of the Ptolemies is
dated in the reign of Epiphanes. The bad script is sufficiently explained
by the clumsiness of an Egyptian engraver, not accustomed to forming
the characters of the South Arabian alphabet. It is no criterion of
relative age, as has been argued by those who attribute the Minaean
inscriptions in Arabia to a very early date. He rejects the idea that
the Madai of another Minaean inscription can be the Mazai or Ethiopian
mercenaries of Egypt. The same writer (ib. p. 42) deals with the trade
of Egypt with Punt, which lies in Africa, nob in Arabia, on the Red Sea

H. R. Hall (Classical Review, 27J-) publishes and comments fully on
an interesting Greek inscription of the time of Philopator, being a
dedication by the ■personnel of the royal Elephant Hunt in Ethiopia.

Petrie (Tr. Roy. Soc. Lit. xix. 1) has written on the Relations of
Egypt and Early Europe, as shown by archaeology, with illustrations.

Apostolides, Essai stir VHellenisme Egyptieh. The patriotic enthusiasm
of this writer leads him to the discovery that Greek genius supplied the
motive power to Egyptian art from the earliest times, and that Egyptian
culture was little more than an offshoot of Hellenism!

Whiting and Language.

Foucart (Rev. Arch, xxxii. 20) has an article on the history of Egyptian
writing, a propos to Beni Hasan IIL

Borchardt (A. Z. xxxv. 103) makes valuable observations on the fac-
similes in Beni Hasan III., and gives fine examples of three additional
signs from Old Kingdom tombs. This book is also reviewed by Piehl,
Sphinx II. 33.
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