Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1897-1898

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Pkogeess op Egyptology.

of bronze, a lion-headed uraeus, and the shabti-box of a priest of
Mentu {I.e. 186), all from his own collection.

Bokchakdt (A. Z., xxxv. 119) describes and classifies the figures of
servants found in tombs of the Old Kingdom. His identification of the
scenes in tombs representing the brewing of buza, or strong beer, is most
valuable and curious. Several of the statuettes represent persons
eng-ao'ed in brewing.


BissiNG (A. Z., xxxv. 94) discusses the tomb of Maket, discovered by
Petrie. After bringing to bear a variety of evidence from Petrie's own
memoirs and elsewhere, he concludes that the " tomb " was really a
cellar in which were stored mummies of the XVIIIth Dynasty. The
dating of this grave is of extreme importance in Egyptian archaeology.
If for no other reason, this memoir is of importance, as showing the
growing disposition to give to Egyptian archaeology the same careful
attention that has long been devoted to the language.

Borchakdt (A. Z-, xxxv. 168) has a note on the use of henna in the Old
Kingdom as shown by coloured statuary, &c.

The coloured plates of Egyptian and Byzantine costumes in Eacinet's
Costumes anciens et modernes are of no original value, and the text is

Pietschmann (Beder und Hoh als Schreibmaterialen bei den Aegyptern)
publishes the second part of his laborious monograph in Beitrage zur
Kenntnis des Schrift- Buck- und Bibliothe'ksieesens, 1897, Heft. 4. The
first half appeared in 1895, and treated of the use of leather; the
present deals with wood, and with the palettes and general apparatus of
the scribe.

Wiedemann (Bee. de Tr. xx. 142) notes the fondness of the ancient
Egyptians for the game of draughts, as shown by the common occurrence
of draught-boards marked out on the pavements and roofs of temples.

According to a review by Spiegelberg in a German periodical, Bolko
Stekn's Aegyptische KulturgescMchte is only a compilation, not always
from the best sources, with the usual grotesque results. Referring to
such popular works a leading article in the Or. Litt. Zeit. 66 et. seqq., after
noting how the endeavour to spread scientifically exact knowledge amongst
the people has become associated in the mind of specialists with a con-
temptible superficiality and pandering to the populace, and how, through
this misconception of their duty, an important branch of the education of
the people has been more or less given over to dilettanti, proceeds to say :
" It is the duty of science not only to prosecute research, but also to watch
that in diffusing knowledge correct conclusions and the real conditions
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