Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1898-1899

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Progress of Egyptology.

demotic deed apparently bilingual, from Socnopaeus, of the forty-first year
of Augustus, and incidentally (Pis. xxii.-xxviii.) some accounts in demotic,
not bilingual.


The reading of the name of Menes on the plaque from the tomb of
Nekadeh has been questioned by several Egyptologists in addition to Pro-
fessor Wiedemann (see Archaeological Report, 1897-8, pp. 24-5). Both
MM. Naville and Lefebure, comparing the vignette and rubric of
Chapter xvii. of the Book of the Dead, see in the supposed cartouche a
symbol of the summer-house in which draughts are played by the blessed
dead. Unless more definite evidence is forthcoming, however, it seems
improbable that this late representation should have more than an
accidental resemblance to the subject of the ancient plaque. It is also
difficult to read the signs on the latter so as to fit the sense proposed by
these scholars; in fact the inscription and scene must remain more or less
enigmatical until the discovery of further inscriptions and analogous
scenes of the early period. M. Naville thinks it probable that
cartouches were not used before Senefru, and would interpret the " Car-
touche of Menes " on the Nekadeh tablet as the name of a building
approached by the king represented below, considering that name as
meaning something equivalent to " the funerary pavilion of the king." M.
Naville's important and suggestive article is printed in liec. de Trav. xxi.
105, and with it he gives a new photograph of the tablet, taken by
Professor Hess. In the same paper he deals with the Hieraconpolis slate
palette, the monuments of Kha-sekhemui and other early remains, finding
some remarkable illustrations of the subjects depicted, and of details of the
inscriptions in the texts and scenes of Der el Bahri. He also devotes a
long section to the Vth Dynasty records of very ancient feasts and gifts to
the temples inscribed on the tablet of Palermo. M. Lefebure's paper will
be found in Sphinx, iii. 65. He points out that later hieroglyphic records
and classical tradition seem to connect Menes with Memphis, and ex-
amining the evidence as to his burial at Nekadeh, considers it insufficient
to overthrow their testimony.

In Bee. de Trav. xxi. 102, Max Mdxler discusses the hieroglyphs and
figures of the Menes tablet, and in Or. Litt. Zeit. i. 342, he has a paper on
the earliest Egyptian kings. In Aeg. Zeit. xxxvi. 142, there is a short note
by Griffith on the Egyptian name of ITsaphais, and another by Bor-
chardt on the cylinder of Queen N-ruaat-hep of the Illrd Dynasty, with
a parallel to one of her titles pointed out by Naville and interpreted by
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