Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1898-1899

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Progress op Egyptology.

F. Peiseb (Or. Litt. Zeit. ii. 4), on which are based discussions by
H. Wincklee (1. c. 54) and W. M. Muller (73, 287).

Prof. Cheyne (Or. Litt. Zeit. ii. 136) investigates Biblical passages in
which Misraim-Egypt seems, according to Winclder's theory, to be not
Egypt but a mistake for Musri, in Northern Arabia.— Spiegelberg, Rec.
de Trav. xxi. 39, proposes to explain the obscure name of Egypt among the
Semites, viz. Misri, from the Egyptian mzrij, "wall."

Asiatic influence in Egypt is shown by an interesting representation of
a Semitic soldier from Tell el Amarna (Spiegelbekg and Erman in Aeg.
Zeit. xxxvi. 126; further remarks also Or. Litt. Zeit. ii. 217); by anew
representation of the god Eeshpu ("lightning," here called Eeshpu Shalman),
described by Spiegelbekg, Zeit. Assyr. xiii. 120; by Semitic names
(those published by Spiegelbekg, ib., are examined Or. Lift. Zeit. ii. 107),
while the name Aki-Tesob (ib. 27) points to Mitanni or to the Hittites. On
single Semitic loan-words in Egyptian, see Spiegelbekg, Bee. de Trav.
xxi. 52 {minim, " present "), W. M. Muller, Aeg. Zeit. xxxvi. 132 (hagg,
"feast"). The history of an Egyptian word, on the other hand (mefaket,
" green stone "), in the Semitic languages is discussed by Muller, Or. Litt.
Zeit. ii. 39.

The colonizing activity of the Egyptians among the Libyans is illus-
trated by a stela from the Oasis Dakhel in' Oxford, dated from the reign
of Shoshenk (I. ?), published by Spiegelbekg, Bee. de Trav. xxi. 12.
Maspero (ib. 136) tries to explain the name of another of king Antef s
dogs from the Libyan dialects.

Greek and Coptic MSS. from Nubia elucidate the history of this country
in Byzantine times under native rulers, see Krall, Beitrdge zur Geschichte
der Blemyer und Nubitr, in the Denshseliri/ten of the Vienna Academy,
xlvi. pt. 4 (partly a republication of the MSS. from G-ebelein, first edited
by Baillet) ; extracts from such Coptic MSS. in the Brit. Mus. are
given by Ckum, Bee. de Trav. xxi. 223.

The beautiful publication of the new fragments from Deir-ei-Bahri in
Naville's third volume must finally be mentioned. These representations
pertaining to the famous expedition to Punt seem to settle beyond any
dispute tbe situation of that much discussed country (see also a digression
in Krall's publication, 1. 1. 20) as belonging to Africa. Naville would
still allow the possibility of including some parts of the Arabian coast, but,
as is stated, Or. Litt. Zeit. ii. 240, none of the evidences for this earlier
view can now be upheld.

W. Max Muller,

Pbiladelphia, September, 1899.
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