Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1901-1902

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Progress of Egyptology.

writer is responsible,33 giving (on the strength of an unpublished papyrus
in the British Museum) an explanation of the double descriptive names
{e.g. HaxTiicoa/jLios 6 Kal 'A\6aiev<;) which occur frequently in documents of
the Eoman period. These, which have hitherto been regarded as duplicate
names of the demes (or parishes) to which the individuals so described
belonged, are now shown to contain the names of the tribe and the deme.
The names of the ten tribes of the city of Antinoe' are thus recoverable,
almost wholly from the papyrus just mentioned, together with those of
twenty-nine demes; while a list (to which Dr. Cronert made many
useful additions) is given of some twelve tribes and nearly fifty demes in
other cities, which can be gleaned from papyri and inscriptions. The
more human aspects of the papyri are emphasized by E. Breccia in an
article26 in which he quotes several of the private letters and similar
documents which have appeared among the Oxyrhynchus Papyri and
elsewhere; and a similar service is performed by an article by E. Cagnat,27
in which reference is made, not only to the papyri, but to the costumes
found by M. Gayet at Antinoe, and to the painted and terra-cotta portraits
in the collection of the well-known dealer, Th. Graf, and elsewhere.

An attempt to resuscitate general interest in these portraits has been
made by Herr Graf,28 who puts forward (through the medium of an article
by Prof. P. Yirchow) the startling suggestion that certain of the portraits in
his collection are to be identified (on the ground of their resemblance to
the heads on coins and statues) with Perseus, king of Macedon, with
Ptolemy Philometor, and with the famous Cleopatra. To judge from the
published fac-siniiles, the certainty of these identifications leaves much to
be desired.

The jurists have, as usual, been active in discussing the materials
provided by the papyri for their branch of science. Among their publica-
tions may be mentioned two articles by Prof. E. de Euggiero, one 29 being
rather a general survey of the materials, including a bibliography, the
other30 the discussion of a particular detail. In the first part of the second
volume of the invaluable Archiv, Naber81 continues his notes on juristic
papyri, which deal with all the extant material generally, while Leopold
Wenger gives a special study of the Amherst Papyri from this point of
view.32 A larger work by Wenger,33 consisting apparently of a series of
essays on points in jurisprudence suggested by the papyri, I have not yet
seen. Mitteis, who has already done so much good work in this field, has
now made a special study of the ancient systems of land tenure, in which
the evidence of the papyri is utilized.34

An interesting application of a papyrus which at first sight appears
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