Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1902-1903

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Progress of Egyptology.

Some are of great length, such as the celehrated inscriptions of Una and
Herkhuf. Collected together in this form, it is wonderful what fresh light
they throw on each other. Each has, when possible, been collated with
the original or with squeezes, and Sethe has done much by judicious
restoration to render them more intelligible. The autograph process is
not only very cheap, but, when well executed, is vastly superior to
reproduction by printed types. Further sections are in preparation by
Steindoeff, Sethe, and Schafer. Egyptologists will recognize the
heavy labour that goes to the making of such work, but the results are of
great and permanent value, to specialists in the first place, and through
them to all who are interested in antiquity.


A fragment of the Berlin mathematical papyrus is published by Schack,
A. Z., xl. 65.

Piehl transcribes a hieratic inscription at Silsileh of Barneses III.,
Sphinx, vi. 143, and Spiegelberg a hieratic text at Karnak of a late
wazir, mentioning Amenhotep son of Hapu, P. S. B. A. xxiv. 320.

Finds recently made at Meir, el Bersheh, Beni Hasan and elsewhere, of
inscribed coffins dating from the Middle Kingdom, promise greatly to
solidify our knowledge of ancient Egyptian ideas with regard to religion
and the future life. Some texts have already been published, but none as
yet have been adequately edited, and the material has not yet been in any
degree digested. The Catalogue of the Middle Kingdom coffins in the
Cairo Museum, on which M. Lacau is engaged may be expected to put the
subject on a new footing. Meanwhile Count Schack-Schackenborg has
published the first part of an important work on a series of texts, found on
several of the coffins from El Bersheh, which he has named the Book of
the Two Boads of the Blessed Dead (Das Bitch von cler zwei Wegen des
Seligeti Toten). The copy is from a fine example acquired for the Berlin
Museum, the material description of which is supplied by Schafer. The
volume contains magnificent photographs of the semi-hieratic text, and a
transcription into hieroglyphs. The inscriptions are remarkable for the
accompanying diagrams, displaying apparently a river road and a land
road to the Elysium. In a short introduction Schack suggests that such
texts were originally religious, and only later used for magic purposes, and
proves that these are as ancient as the Pyramid Texts. He also suggests a
connection between them and the " Book of that which is in Hades," so
much in vogue in the New Kingdom. The translation and commentary
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