and died out in the Xllth Dynasty. The series of about one hundred and
fifty models or portions thus obtained show the beliefs, extending even to
provisions for a soul-donkey to serve the soul-man. And a great variety
of detail in the construction of the houses of the peasantry can be studied,
all of which in the actual buildings has entirely perished. A granite
seated figure and one of the finest known of ivory wands and of daggers
were found in these graves.
" A cemetery of the age of the Hyksos, with remains of the barbaric
invaders from the west and south, like those of the pan-graves at Diospolis,
was also found. And there were three cemeteries of the XVIIIth-XIXth
Dynasties, which have provided a very large series of pottery, the most
complete set of the pre-Hatshepsut period yet known.
"At Balyzeh, south of Eifeh, a Coptic deir was largely cleared out,
belonging to the 8th century. Several stone inscriptions were found,
and a harvest of leaves of MSS. These comprise parts of most of the New
Testament, some very fairly written; apocryphal and liturgical works; a
piece of Acta relating to Antonius and Athanasius, and pieces relating to
other saints; and a most interesting document is a complete marriage
contract of a priest, in which his mother and elder brother unite, the
marriage gift was under 10s., and the fine for repudiation about 70s. in
gold, worth perhaps £5 and £30 in present values.
" Further south at Zaraby a cemetery of the Vlth Dynasty has yielded
the pottery and ornaments of that time, giving a large set of types; and
beyond that some work was begun at a great Coptic settlement of Deir
Ganadleh, which promises to yield much in the future.
" The main work to which we must look for great historical results will
be the coming excavation of Memphis, which is to be started next year.
The temple sites are equal to those of Karnak, and a longer and more
important range of history has there to be uncovered, from Menes down to
the last Koman governor of Egypt.
" The usual exhibition of the antiquities was held at University College
in July. The publication of the results appeared in a single volume then,
of 40 plates, Gizeh and Eifeh; and the double volume with about 100 plates
will appear in October."
Mr. Edgar reports as follows: —
" Outside of Alexandria and Mariout (which are not in my district) there
have been no regular excavations; but several rather interesting finds
have been made. The most important of these was a large treasure of
"old and silver vases and jewellery found at Tell Basta towards the end of