Two finds of silver ingots from Mitranina. E. Brugsch, Ann. vii. 16.
A. Lucas gives analyses of ancient Egyptian cements from the Sphinx,
the "Temple of the Sphinx," the second Pyramid, and the Great Pyramid
(c. IVth Dyn.),as well as from the Hypostyle Hall of Karnak (XlXth Dyn.),
proving them to be practically a plaster of Paris. A recent authority had
suggested, contrary to the general opinion, that the Egyptians used lime-
and-sand mortar. Ann. vii. 4.
Krencker and Schafer publish a new and remarkable form of primitive
lock by which a door could be bolted (on the inside) and opened from the
outside. It was found by the first-named in use at Aksum, and Prof.
Schafer at once recognised a constituent part of it amongst the inscribed
" stick-handles " in the Berlin Museum. Examples are now known from
Egypt [including one from Kahun in the Manchester Museum], ranging
from the Xllth Dynasty to Boman times. A.Z. xliii. 60.
Bissing upholds the interpretation of the " war helmet" of the king
as a real helmet as against Borchardt's view, according to which it is a
wig of hair, Bee. de Trav. xxix. 159; discusses a priestly vestment and
its name, and garments woven with figures, ib. 183.
Dr. Elliot Smith and Mace give an elaborate description of the
mummy and wrappings of a priestess from the find of Deir el-Bahari,
with photographs showing the stages of wrapping. Strange to say, the
heart scarab was that of a man. Ann. vii. 155.
Religious Art.—Spiegelberg illustrates and explains Herodotus' account
of the statue of Sethon holding a mouse, A.Z. xliii. 91; and explains the
symbols composing the diadem of Arsinoe as prescribed in the decree of
Canopus as spelling the name of the princess, ib. 156.
Part of a statue, and bronze statuette (figured) of the goddess Buto.
Schmidt, P.S.B.A. xxviii. 201. (See also above, p. 50, for the Cairo
Three bronze standards with sacred animals in the Hilton Price
collection. Nash, P.S.B.A. xxix. 175.
Elaborate article on the bucranium in Egypt, including the sistrum,
Hathor-head, etc. Lefebure, Sphinx, x. 67.
Schafer traces the origin of many of the amulets that were deposited
with mummies in late times, and might seem to have a symbolic meaning,
to the funerary offerings deposited on coffins of the Middle Kingdom.
But some of the representations had their signification entirely changed
in the process of borrowing. The smd amulet J is derived from the outline
of a ewer for the washing of the feet,-aml the amulet which figures a flight