Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens — 1.1882-1883

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42

INSCRIPTIONS OF ASSOS.

Mr. W. C. Lawton calls attention to the fact that Antiochis is a
Roman surname,- and hence need not be connected with any par-
ticular Antiochis or Antiochia.

Concerning Quintus Lollius Philetairos, see note to No. XV.
Philetaerus occurs as the name of a freedman of Augustus.f Phile-
terus is also found C.I.L., II. 4122; III. 4815; IV. 653, 2192.
The Julian family was held in high honor in the Troad for mytho-
logical reasons. Livia, wife of Augustus, was adopted into the Gens
Julia by Augustus, and assumed the name of Julia Augusta after his
death. { On coins of the period she appears as Julia Augusta, § and
'lovXla 2e/3ao-T// or 'lovXla Oea Se/^acm/ ; on coins of Ephesos she is
"Apre/u? 2e/Sacrr?;, ^[ and perhaps also Aphrodite, as in our inscription.||
For the cultus of Livia at Kyzikos as %e{3a<TTr] Nu<r](p6pos, see No. XV.
In Lampsakos she is 'Ecttui, via. ArjfjLtjT-rjp (C.I. G., 3642).

The only other Julia to whom our inscription could possibly refer
is the unhappy daughter of Augustus, wife of M. Vipsanius Agrippa
and Tiberius. Indeed, various facts in regard to her seem to make
very plausible the assumption that she is here referred to as Julia
Aphrodite. The character of Aphrodite suits Julia much better
than Livia, for she was witty, beautiful, and young, while Livia had
only faded beauty to boast at the time when our inscription was
carved. Again, when in the year 17 B.C. Agrippa was sent by
Augustus to the east with supreme power, Julia accompanied him.
On his return from the excursion to the Pontus with Herod the Great,
in 16 B.C., he spent some time on the western seaboard of Asia Minor;
and while they were in the Troad, Julia and her immediate servants
narrowly escaped being drowned in the Scamander. The inhabitants
of Ilion made no attempt to rescue her from the threatened death.
Agrippa was enraged, and mulcted them in a heavy fine, which

* Gruter, p. dclxxxix : Julia Euhemeris mater et Julia Antiochis avia, etc.,
found at Rome; cf. p. dcclv.

f Gruter, p. dlxxxii: Philetaero Aug. lib. praepos., etc.

J Liviam in familiam Juliam, nomenque Augustae adsumebatur. Tac. Ann.
I, 8; cf. also Eckhel, Doct. Num., VI. pp. 146-158.

§ Eckhel, Doct. Num., VI. pp. 147, 157; Orelli, 613-618, 1320, 1328, 1724,
2937; Rasche, II. pp. 1784-1792.

\ Eckhel, Doct. Num., VI. p. 152.; Rasche, II. p. 1792.

II Rasche, II. p. 1328.
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