Papers of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens — 1.1882-1883

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INSCRIPTIONS OF TRALLEIS.

103

For the sake of completeness, I shall now add the full text of the
third inscription relating to this subject (Le Bas, No. 1652 c). It
obviously belongs to the same year; and though the badness of the
copy led M. Waddington to restore the fragment differently, there
can now remain no doubt that the names of the officials are the
same in all three.

\^ Kvaredevra] viro rod Oeiordrov avTO/cpdropos 'Avrcoveivou
ere 't[(Sv] KXavSiavov Aa[fia] irbpwv Ydiov & i\ahe\\<f>ov\,*
veLKi'iaavTa dv8p(o[v] Trvyixrjv '0\v/.i7rid8a v[$'], dp^ieparevovTos
koX d<ya>voOerovvro<; [to (3 ] T. Tou. ^lKlttttov, v[_l]ov (3ov\rjs,
dpviepeco? 'Ao"ia? /cal dycovoderov 81a j3iov, d\vTap%ovvTO<z
[Ho.] KX. M[e]XtT&)yo?, e7TL/jL[€\]r}6evTO<; Y. 'lov. ^vpverepcoro^.

These three inscriptions record the names of the victors in the
pancration, the boxing contest, and the race in armor, at the fifty-
sixth Trallian Olympiad. G. Julius Philippus, the agonothete at these
games, was at the same time High Priest of Asia. Now it has been
established by M. Waddington that the martyrdom of Polycarp, which
took place at the games in Smyrna, presided over by Philip as High
Priest of Asia, is to be dated 155 a.d. Again, we know from an
Olympian inscription (p. 101, end) that Philip was Asiarch at some time
during the two hundred and thirty-second Elean Olympiad (149-152
a.d.) ; and the identity of the titles Asiarch and High Priest of Asia
seems +o me indisputable, in spite of M. Waddington's arguments
against it. It is possible to reconcile these data only on the supposi-
tion that the highpriesthood of Asia, like almost all such offices in
that province, was a penteteric office.| Philip was High Priest from
152 to 155 a.d. In 153 a.d. he presided over the fifty-sixth Olym-
pian festival at Tralles. The fiftieth Olympiad at Tralles was in
129 a.d., the year when the emperor Hadrian visited the city. It is
probable that the Trallians, when the Olympia were instituted in
honor of this visit, sought to give them a spurious antiquity by the
fiction that they were already fifty penteterides old. M. AYaddington
has published an inscription of Tralles which probably belongs to the

* M. Waddington restores \rhv 8e?i/a Tltp]ycuov 4>iAa5eA[<£6a] ; but the pre-
ceding inscription shows that ivopoiu occupied an entire line, and that there is no
gap before Taiov. This inscription has been so badly copied that it is justifiable
to suppose that a line has been omitted by the copyist. The other two inscrip-
tions mention the irarpis of the victor, and I believe that this was also done in the
present inscription. I would restore

Taiov cE>/./\.a8eA[(^>ov]
[ro{J Setvos TpaAAiavoV]

f The Bishop of Durham will treat the questions connected with the Asi-
archate with his usual learning and copiousness of illustration in a forthcoming
work on St. Polycarp.
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