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Cook, Arthur B.
Zeus: a study in ancient religion (Band 3,1): Zeus god of the dark sky (earthquake, clouds, wind, dew, rain, meteorits): Text and notes — Cambridge, 1940

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goo The stone of Elagabalos

often supposed to have fallen from the sky1. It is therefore
tempting to compare this humanised pounder with the 1 Zeus-
fallen' image of Artemis Ephesia2. And all the more so, when we
learn that, by an impressive coincidence, the pounder actually came
from Ephesos3.

Fig. 735- Fig. 736. Fig. 737.

(d) The stone of Elagabalos.

Akin to the stone of Kybele at Pessinous in Phrygia was the
stone of Elagabalos the god of Emesa in Syria4. This too was
a ' Zeus-fallen ' stone, of large size, conical shape, and black colou1"
It was marked with certain small projections and impressions»

1 Supra ii. 505 ff. 2 Supra ii. 963 n. o.

3 It was obtained by Sir William Ridgeway, through Mr H. Lawson of the consul*'
service at Smyrna, together with a miscellaneous lot of arrow- heads etc. from Ephes^J
Sir William acutely detected its true character and had intended some day to pub^ ,
it as a good example of an aniconic deity. On his death it was passed on to me _J
Dr J. A. Venn, President of Queens', and Mrs Venn, Sir William's daughter, to v.'l>°

I am greatly indebted for this opportunity of publishing a relic of rare interest. , ^

4 On whom see F. Lenormant 'Sol Elagabalus' in the Revue de I'histoire des reW ^
1881 iii. 310—322, id. in Daremberg—Saglio Diet. Ant. ii. 529—531 with figs. 2^:;J.ejl
E. Meyer in Roscher Lex. Myth. i. 1229—1231 with the same two figs, ('der erste ^
des Wortes ist jedenfalls das syrische eldh "Gott," der zweite wahrscheinlich % ^
"Berg," also "Berggott"), F. Cumont in Pauly—Wissowa Real-Enc. v. 2219 (15
(' Man hat auch an El-gebal deus formans, deus creator gedacht (Reville La rehg- ^
les Sev. 243 f.). Lenormant setzte den zweiten Teil vielmehr mit dem babyl°nis s
Gibil in Zusammenhang und sah in E. einen Feuergott'), Wissowa Rel. Kult. f1
pp. 89 f., 365 f.