Universitätsbibliothek HeidelbergUniversitätsbibliothek Heidelberg

Naville, Edouard
The temple of Deir el Bahari (Band 3): End of northern half and southern half of the middle platform — London, 1898

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elapsed between her installation by her father and
this ceremony; the two pageants probably followed
at a short interval, so that Thothmes I. must have
been still alive when the queen received the two
diadems. As she does not mention Thothmes I.,
this would point to her father having abdicated in her

Plates LXV. and LXVI. In front of the wall on
which is engraved the legend of the miraculous birth
of Hatshepsu are two rows of eleven square pillars,
supporting the colonnade and adorned with religious
scenes very much alike, five of which have been repro-
duced. They represent Anion in conversation with
the king, taking him by the arm, or putting his hand
on his shoulder. The king may be Hatshepsu or
Thothmes III. In most cases it is Thothmes III., who
has here the cartouche (q <=> |f Lll Men kkeper hi Bd.
I noticed all through the temples of Deir el Bahari
that this cartouche occurs during the association of
Hatshepsu and Thothmes, but only when the king,
being alone, might be considered as the real ruler, or
at least as on the same rank and footing as Hatshepsu.
This cartouche, containing \_J, one of the elements of
the name of the queen, is the sign of the subordinate
position of Thothmes. In the places where both
sovereigns occur together, such as the North-Western
hall of offerings, the pre-eminence of Hatshepsu is so
clearly indicated that Thothmes III. takes his usual
cartouche (gc=S] Mem, kheper Bd, which he will
keep when, after Hatshepsu's death, he is alone on
the throne.

Amon is usually erased; and when Hatshepsu was
represented with him, both figures have been destroyed,
and Amon alone restored (pi. lxvi.). The god makes
his usual promises to the king or to the queen. Under
the feet of the group are two lines of text, the

second of which varies alternately. It reads either as

i J 1 <=> 55 11 I

anlih tet nuts r retui ncter pen neter

life stability purity before the feet this god good

tuat rekhyt nebt
praise rckhy all

" Life, stability and purity are put at the feet of this
good god, who is praised by all the relchyu." These
last words, which occur frequently, must have had a
special sense which is still undetermined. I suppose
they mean something like " magnanimous."
The other reading is this :



iir-a ash urt

it is numerous very

sep tep set heb

anniversary first of sed periods

" On the first anniversary the Sed periods are given
in great number."

Plate LXVII. The fine head, which is here given
nearly in its real size, represents queen Aahmes, led by
Heket and Klmum to the hall where she will give birth
to Hatshepsu (pi. xlix.). Aahmes has escaped destruc-
tion ; her figure, as well as the hieroglyphs which
record her titles, are quite intact, and we may judge
from these few remains of the remarkable beauty of
the sculpture which originally adorned this wall. The
fine modelling of the features of the queen, though in
very low relief, the purity of the drawing, and the
charming expression, make this one of the finest speci-
mens of sculpture which occur in the temple of Deir el
Bahari. From it we may gain some idea of the losses
which Egyptian art has suffered by the barbarous treat-
ment to which the temple was subjected, from Hat-
shepsu's immediate successor down to the Coptic monks.



Plan, Elevations and Sections.

The northern half of this Colonnade has been
already drawn and described (Temple of Deir el Bahari,
vol. ii., p. 0, and pi. xxx.).

1 This arahite •tural description lias been written by Mi-. Somees

The southern half is an exact pendant in all respects
of the northern, corresponding with it in length,
breadth, height, and the number of intercolumniations.
It is not until we reach the southern end of it that we
find any difference. At this end, however, there are
indications of a change in design. As ultimately
finished, the facade of the Hathor Speos which lies