Petrie, William M. Flinders
Abydos: Part I: 1902 — London, 1902

Page: 35
DOI Page: Citation link: 
https://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/petrie1902bd1/0044
License: Public Domain Mark Use / Order
0.5
1 cm
facsimile
■ N«*-». •>> '

THE CEMETEEY G.

35

with a plain wedge-shaped outside; and the
inside hollowed out in curves, for the head
and shoulders. After these, no later burials of
the Roman or Arab age are found on this
hill.

30. The prehistoric tombs always contained
the bodies contracted, in the usual position,
head south, face west; most of them were quite
shallow circular pits, though there was one
large tomb with over thirty pottery jars, mostly
Avavy-handled. All of these tombs belonged to
the later part of the prehistoric age. The
contents of the tombs of the Xlth—XVIIIth
Dynasties, not having yet been drawn, will be
described when they are published next year.
Fragments of a coffin, which seems to belong to
the XVIIIth or XTXth Dynasty, were found
in the chamber of a later tomb. The name
Tahutmes (see pi. lxxi) is apparently unknown
after the time of Ramessu II; though certainly
the style of the writing here, might well show
a rather later date. The first and second

drawings are from one side of a long strip ; the
third and fourth are from a similar strip, on the
inner side of which is the fifth drawing; at the
base of the plate are figured the two sides of a
corner-post of the coffin. The style of these
fragments is remarkably clear and delicate; the
broAvn wood has had no prepared ground, but
is left with the line grain showing; the colours
used are black for the inscriptions, green for
the Nile gods, red and yellow for the other
figures.

31. The laro-e tomb containing five sarco-
phagi, found below the square court, marked
G. 57 on pi. lxxx, is the earliest of the great
tombs of the later age. The coffins, it will be
seen, are lettered A—E; but E had never
contained a burial, and we shall refer to the
coffins here, by the letters A, B, C, D. The
account will be clearer if I first state the
genealogy; the letters prefixed to the names
being those of the sarcophagi in which they are
mentioned.

(a) Uah-ab-ra = (a) Nes-her (c, d) Zed-hcr = (c, d) Ta-khredet-en-Min

was

(a, b) Mertiu-heru = (b, c) Ta-se-nekht (d) Mert-tefnut

(b) Heru-maa-kheru

The variants of these names in different versions
should be observed, as they throAv a good deal
of light on the true reading of such forms. For
instance, in A and B, the eye of Horus varying
with Mertiu-her; also the duplication of the
letters r u and the plural strokes, for the simple
termination of heru; the variants of Ta-se-nekht
and Mehit-ta-se-nekht; also of Mert-tefnut and
Nes-tefnut, which latter is probably an error
for the similar form of mer. The value of the
baboon reading zed, though rare, is already
known.

On pi. lxxiii the name Ta-sen-meht, as copied
by Mr. Weigall in a damaged passage, should

doubtless read Ta-se-nekht, as on B and C.
On pi. lxxiv, No. 3 should read Heru-maakheru,
and Xos. 4—7 should read Mert-tefnut.

We now proceed to describe the details of
each of the burials, in order. Sarcophagus A
is that of Mertiu-heru. At the head of it,
marked 1, was the base of an Osiride statuette,
and a model coffin with a jackal upon it, both
turned upside down, see base of pi. lxxii; and
at 3 was the canopic box figured on the same
plate (lxxii). On raising the stone lid, a large
wooden coffin was seen inside, inscribed across
the breast and down to the feet, as copied on
pi. lxxiii. On opening the coffin, the mummy
loading ...