Petrie, William M. Flinders
Abydos: Part I: 1902 — London, 1902

Page: 41
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https://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/petrie1902bd1/0050
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41

CHAPTER Y.

THE INSCRIPTIONS.

By A. E. Wbigall.

35. The inscriptions discovered this year at
Abydos are very varied in their nature and
date, and represent many of the important
periods from the Vlth to the XXXth Dynasty.
The majority were found in the Temple of
Osiris, but the late sarcophagi and funeral
furniture were taken from the Ptolemaic ceme-
tery, known as " &," to the south-west of the
Osiris enclosure. Although not of extreme
importance, these inscriptions add a number of
new names to the aristocracy of Ancient Egypt,
and repeat with no little interest those of many
of its kings. That this material has been placed
in the hands of the present writer is due to the
kindness of Prof. Petrie; and help has been
most generously given in the clearing up of
some difficult points by Mr. Percy Newberry,
Mr. Herbert Thompson, and Mr. Alan Gardiner.
Especial thanks must be rendered to Mr.
Thompson for permitting free use to be made
of his notes upon the subject of the hypocephali.

PI. liv, 1. Three fragments of limestone false
doors belonging to a Prince (or Princes) of
Abydos whose name is unfortunately lost. His
titles are erpd ha Hereditary Prince, smer udti
Chiefly Companion, hheri heb Lector, heri dep
ad ne Abdu Prince of Abydos, mer neter per
Superintendent of the Temple. He is also
connected with the per net Anher Temple of
Anhur. His mother was the seten Ichelcer Royal
Handmaid, Ad. The inscription speaks of him
in the usual laudatory terms, among which we
may notice that he was ur em daut-f great in
his office, ser em sdh-f lordly in his nobility,

ser em hat .... chief among the princes . . .,
and ur em Be dan em Dep great in Pe,
venerable in Dep—these being the two sacred
shrines of the city of Buto (Bkugscii, Aegypt,
p. 239). Osiris Temple. Dyn. VI.

2. Upon this plate will also be noticed two
limestone fragments, inscribed with the cartouche
of Merenra. In the first he is called .... seten
bdti Mer-ne-Ba de dnlch ded usr dnlch zetta
' The King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Merenra,
endowed with life, stability, and power, living
for ever' ; and in the second he holds the usual
title ' The double Horus of Gold.' Osiris Temple.
Dynasty VI.

PI. lvi. Portions of some hexagonal limestone
columns, placed in position in the plate in order
to show the original style of construction. The
largest fragment reads .... seten bdti Bd-nub-
Icheper se Bd Antef Anher neb Theni meri de
dnlch ded ust . . . . ' The King of Upper and
Lower Egypt, Ra-nub-kheper, son of the Sun,
Antef [the Fifth,] beloved of Anhur Lord of
Theni, endowed with life, stability,'and power
. . . .' The other fragments give the usual
formulae, such as se Bd ne Ichat-f mer-f 'Son
of the Sun, the beloved of his body'; and de
dnlch ded usr neb senb neb ma Bd ' endowed
with all life, stability, power, and all health,
sun-like.....' Osiris Temple. Dyn. XI.

PI. lvii. -Two fragments of a limestone stele
of Prince Xckht, the son of Antef the Fifth.
It is of rough workmanship, and there are
many obvious errors in the hieroglyphs. In
the upper portion we have the figure of the
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