Aldrich, Henry; Smyth, Philip [Übers.]
The Elements Of Civil Architecture: According To Vitruvius And Other Ancients, And The Most Approved Practice Of Modern Authors, Especially Palladio — London, 1789 [Cicognara Nr. 395]

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1 cm

is described the arch a b ; on the center 2 with the radius 2 b
the arch b c\ on the center 3 with the radius 3 c the arch
c d, &c.

This is the appearance of the capital as viewed in front;
if it is seen Tideways its appearance will be as exhibited in the
other figure, where the middle swelling A, resembles an up-
right tore with two small ones a a on each side, it is called a
belt. The swellings on each side, B B, are called cushions :
C is the side of the outmoss: spiral line in one volute, K that
in the other.


§. 4. The Corinthian order is more delicate than the Ionic,
resembling the graceful figure of a virgin. Among the an-
tients it had much resemblance to the Ionic ; according to
Vitruvius it imitated the Ionic in every part but in the capital
of the pillar. Wherefore in the most admired works the base
of the column is attic ■, the shaft ssuted. The entablature is
a fifth part of the height of the column.

The height of the peaestal in our figure (which is taken
from Palladio) is a fourth part of that os the pillar : the height
of the pillar 19 : 00. The intercolumniations are systyle, the
height of the entablature is a fisth part of the column. Un-
der the larmier are modillions, with an echinus and dentil.
No objedfion should be railed again!! some specimens in the
antique, in which the column has often 20 : 00' and its en-
tablature has one fourth or two ninths of the pillar : as
each of these proportions claim attention from their Angular

A pretty Greek slory is told of the origin of the capital of
this column, which I shall omit, as Villalpandus gives a more
probable, yet a dubious account. Consult Vitruvius, B. 4.
chap. 1. and Villalpandus, Vol. II. B. 5. chap. 23. Were I
permitted to conjecture, I should not think it improbable,
that, as the shaft of a pillar represents the trunk of a tree, so

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