Aldrich, Henry; Smyth, Philip [Übers.]
The Elements Of Civil Architecture: According To Vitruvius And Other Ancients, And The Most Approved Practice Of Modern Authors, Especially Palladio — London, 1789 [Cicognara Nr. 395]

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venience and grandeur of those houses. The Greeks termed
the vestibulum but prothyra among the Romans

meant a bar or railing to keep the horses, carriages, &c«
from the vestibule. The Greeks called the latter thaS'uea.
To avoid cctnfusion we shall render vestibulum, loggia, the
void space before the door prothuron,* the rails diathy^

RON. f

The loggia, if one, was placed in the middle of the front
of the house; is two, at the Tides. Their dimensions were
made agreeable to the convenience and grandeur os the man-
sion, with this reslridtion, that their breadth should not be less
than ten seet or greater than twenty.


§. 2. The word oecus, as we have said besore, signifies a
room of extraordinary size, though it very frequently means an
entrance, hall, or dining room. Vitruvius mentions sour
kinds of them in such a way as to vary them into five species ;
he mentions the tetrastylon, two Corinthian ones, and
adds to these also the Cyzicene and/Egyptian.

Oecus tetrastylos is a room where four insulated co-
lumns support an upper story. It will be convenient to have
the entrance of this construction ; sor the sioor os the hall will
thus be made more secure, and by the advantage os the co-
lumns the height os the entrance may be made to agree with
the proportion of the other parts. See plate 32.

The Corinthian oecus is a room which, according to Vi-
truvius, has Tingle columns placed either on a poggio or base,
or on the ground; that is, columns in a Tingle row, and in-
ser ted in the wall, (see plate 33) either {landing upon pede-^
stals, as in the first: figure, or Handing on the ground, as in
the second, and for the sake of dilrindfion it is called Corinthi-
an ; each style is excellently adapted to a hall. The entabla-

* Prothuron in the Greek language signisying before the gate.

•s Diathuron, in the same language signifies near to the gate, &c.

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