Aldrich, Henry; Smyth, Philip [Übers.]
The Elements Of Civil Architecture: According To Vitruvius And Other Ancients, And The Most Approved Practice Of Modern Authors, Especially Palladio — London, 1789 [Cicognara Nr. 395]

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52 OF THE ELEMENTS OF

the limitary beam be an eighth added to its breadth, and a third
of the same breadth should be added above, in consideration os
the ceiling.

PLATE XL.

OF THE PER 1ST Y LIU M,

§. 6. The peristylium (or, according to Julius Pollux,*
pericion, for the Greek word xiuv signifies a column) seems
analagous to the cloyster in a convent or college, for it is a
quadrangular area, longer by a third part than it is broad, the
middle of the area is open to the air, its sides forming a walk
encompassed with columns, which are often insulated, and
osten likewise inserted, whose height is always equal to the
breadth of the porticos. Sometimes the insulated columns are
ranged over the inserted ; sometimes there are three or more
Orders, and a wall with windows occupies the intercolum-
niations, particularly of the upper order. By the combina-
tion of all these modes a great variety is given to the build-
ing. As the dimensions of the area are not laid down by any
writer I have seen, 1 shall not pretend to define them; "but
that they had some certain propoition to the atrium I have
not the least doubt. With respedt to its situation, it fronts the
atrium; at least according to Vitruvius, who describes its
length as lying transversejy, and its breadth as retiring in-
ward. The difference between the peristylium and the atri-
um is obvious; as the wings only of the latter are adorned
with columns.

By the due proportion and proper disposition of the atri-
um, the tablinum and peristylium, the cava a-dium
of Vitruvius beforementioned is, I apprehend, completed; and
if the cavadium of Pliny the younger should mean any
else, (as it appears to do) it may perhaps be a name common
to all quadrangular areas which are surrounded by apart-

# See his Qnomasticon, or Di&ionarium Rerum et Synonimorvm, &c.

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