os it neatness should be attended to, but retirement more ; its
principal requisites are ease and repose. Its appearance is
neater than the country house, and not so splendid as one in
the city. It neither boasts of pastures, or sumptuous dining
rooms ; content with a study, a garden, and extensive walks.
It will be conducive to health if it be placed somewhat on an
eminence, and to pleasure if it has a view os the city you have
left behind you.
PLATES LI, LI I,
Palladio supplies us with the two following specimens of
houses os this sort. In the former, which every way com-
mands a sine prospedt, there are four vestibules, and in the
middle of the house a circular hall with four entrances, which
rises above the roof, and receives its light from the top. The
ground plot is inscribed in a square; the angular spaces are
filled by four staircases for servants. These lead both to
the entersoles, which are over the smaller rooms, and to the
gallery, which goes round the hall to the height of the
second story. The uppermost apartments are eight feet high;
the ossices are under ground.
The construdtion of the second edisice is elegant, and may
be varied many ways. There are two vestibules, each os
which is os the Ionic order, and the podium (the bottom part
os the wall) projects at its lower extremity. The rooms
above ground have two stories ; imall turrets are eredted at
the four angles. Palladio has described a villa as consisting of
two areas, that in the sront for the use of the master of the
house, that backward for the purposes os country business.
Without these the edifice would be suburban; without the tur-
rets and vestibules it would become a smaller suburban house :
and so also, if the rooms above ground have only one story,
and the scite being changed, the entrance be made where the
back door is, and a study be put in the place of the remain-
ing vestibule, instead of a hall you substitute a saloon in the
^Egyptian style, and eredt watch towers in the angles.