Pkogkess of Egyptology.
Thothmes IV., Merenptah, Siptah, and the queen, Tausert. His most
important discovery, however, was made in the temple of Merenptah,
lying behind the Colossi of Memnon which guarded the approach to the
temple of Amenhetep III., and built of the materials taken from the
latter. Here Mr. Petrie found the largest stela yet known : it is of black
granite and had been inscribed by Amenhetep with a record of the
monuments which he had dedicated to Amen. Merenptah did not
deface this inscription, but utilized the back of the stela for a long record
of the overthrow of the Libyan Confederation in the fifth year of his reign.
He concludes this record by declaring that Amen has put the world
beneath his feet, and by giving a list of subject countries, in which list
we have the first known occurrence in an Egyptian inscription of the
name of "Israel." Mr. Qaibell, working for the Egyptian Research
Account, was put in charge of the excavations at the Ramesseum. by Mr.
Petrie, and there discovered in the store chambers numerous interments
of the XXIIIrd Dynasty and mummies of persons connected with the
royal family. The foundation deposits of four temples were discovei'ed,
including those of Rameses II.
Thebes was a general centre of operations during the last season. Besides
our work at Deir el Bahri and Mr. Petrie's around the Ramesseum, there
has been that of M. Daressy, who has finished clearing the great temple
of Rameses III. at Medinet Habu,1 while on the East bank M. Legrain
has made many clearances and repairs in the temple of Karnak, in
continuation of the work done by the Society for the Preservation of
the Monuments of Egypt. In the course of M. Legrain's clearances an
avenue of sphinxes was found to lead to an ancient quay, now far
distant from the river bank. On the quay were recorded the rises of
the Nile during the XXIInd to XXYIth dynasties. In the west court of
the temple there was found a duplicate list of thirty-two Palestinian
towns captured by Thothmes III.
Dr. Spiegelberg has spent most of the winter collecting material in the
neighbourhood of Thebes, and in the midst of his work has also identified
the site of the funerary temple of Amenhetep I., near the Ramesseum.
Miss Benson, excavating in the temple of Mut at Karnak, has dis-
covered a statue of Senmut, the architect of Deir el Bahri, with a long and
important inscription on the back ; also fragments relating to the war of
Piankhi against the northern princes.
1 Mr. Somers Clarke remarks on this excavation, " It is to be regretted that the
remains of the Christian church were at the same time removed and thus a page in
the history of the temple destroyed unnecessarily." This news is indeed startling.