Progress of Egyptology.
two rituals are practically identical, and the same as known rituals of other
gods. The hymns to each of the two deities are naturally distinct.
Spiegelbeeg, Rec. xxiii. 100, discusses the vase inscription from Tukh
Spiegelbeeg, Aegypt-isehe and Griechische Eigennamen j a valuable
study of a number of bilingual mummy tickets of the Eoman period, with
names in Greek and demotic. Over 500 names are discussed and indexed,
and the funerary formulae of the labels are also translated. The work is
issued as the first part of Dernotische S/udien.
Griffith, P. S. B. A. xxiii. 16, gives new readings, &c, in the
In A.Z. xxxviii. 93, it was announced that Mr. Herbert Thompson, in
preparing an elaborate edition of the so-called Gnostic demotic papyri, had
discovered the solution of the enigmatic writing in them. Mr. Thompson
informs me that he has since found an interesting paper in the Memoires
de VInstitut Egyptien for 1897 (Tome iii. p. 388 et seqq.), in which
Mr. Geoff of Cairo has given specimens of decipherment of the secret
writing, showing that Groff already understood the system very com-
pletely. The publications of the Institut Egyptien seem singularly
difficult to obtain, and except when writers have chanced to send reprints,
it has not been possible to report on their papers.
Earliest Historical Period.
The large amount of new material relating to the early kings collected
by Professor Petrie at Abydos has yielded few clear leads to their identifi-
cation with the kings mentioned in the lists of Abydos and Manetho.
Nevertheless, with the help of certain fixed points obtained in the last few
years, he has been able to arrange the names found in a provisional order
which agrees with the circumstances of their discovery, the relative
positions of the tombs, and the development of style. The correctness of
the arrangement, within certain narrow limits of error, can hardly be
doubted. Narmer of Hierakonpolis and Abydos belongs to the times
immediately preceding Menes, to which period some obscurer names
are also attributed. Menes himself, as identical with Aha (Nakadeh
and Abydos), seems well ascertained, together with a sufficient number
of kings to account for the whole of the 1st Dynasty; the eight
kings of that dynasty are all fairly well identified. Of Dynasty II.,