Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1900-1901

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Pkogress of Egyptology.


The first year of tlie new century has not, so far, produced any discovery
of the first rank, but it has brought forth a plentiful crop of publications,
which collectively are of considerable interest. The period covered by the
present report has seen no less than three volumes produced by Messrs.
G-renfell and Hunt, namely the Amherst Papyri. parts^JL^and^JI., and the
annual volume of the Graeco-Bonian branch of the Egypt Exploration
Eund ; and it has also seen important publications of papyri from Strass-
_burg, Munich. Berlin, and elsewhere. Among these there is a considerable
number of literary texts; and these, as usual, take the first place in our

The first part of the_Amherst Papyri,1 published last autumn, comprises
the theological MSS. purchased in Egypt for Lord Amherst of Hackney, by
Messrs. G-renfell and Hunt, and edited by the same gentlemen. The most
important is one which contains about a sixth of the apocryphal work
known as the Ascension of Isaiah, previously extant only in Ethiopia and
in fragmentary Latin and Slavonic versions. Lord Amherst's MS. con-
sists of seven leaves of a papyrus codex, written in a rather heavy uncial
hand of the fifth or sixth century. The great value of the discovery is to
show that the Ethiopia version, in which alone the whole work is extant, is
good and trustworthy. A complete facsimile of the papyrus is given. Next
in interest to the Ascension is a letter frosx__a^hristian in Eome to his
co-religionists in Arsinoe, which Harnack has shown to contain references
to Maximus, patriarch of Alexandria from 264 to 282, and to Theonas, his
successor in the see. A facsimile of this document is given in part II.
In the margin is written the first verse of the Epistle to the Hebrews, and
on the verso the first five verses of Genesis, in the versions of the
Septuagint and of Aquila. The other contents of this volume (the appear-
ance and execution of which do the greatest credit to the liberality of Lord
Amherst) are a Christian hymn of the fourth century, written in a rough
hand resembling that of some of the magical papyri in the British Museum ;
a small fragment of Job from a papyrus codex of the seventh century ;
a leaf of a papyrus codex of the fifth or sixth century, containing
Psalm y. 6-12; four papyrus leaves of the seventh or eighth century,
containing portions of Psalms cvii.-cxl.; a vellum leaf containing some
verses of Psalms lviii. and lix., of the fifth century ; a vellum leaf containing
Acts ii. 11-22, of the fifth or sixth century; and two short liturgical
papyri of the seventh or eighth century. The dates are those provisionally
assigned by the editors.
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