Perabsen and Kha-sekhemui (of Hierakonpolis and Abydos) are the most
conspicuous ; but the harrying of Abydos has so mixed and destroyed the
remains of the tombs that in several cases the attribution of certain
sepulchres to particular kings remains somewhat doubtful.
Tombs of kings of the Illrd Dynasty have been found by Mr. Garstang's
work, and there is good hope that in the same neighbourhood other names
may be recovered belonging to the period between Dynasties I. and IV.
Sethe, A.Z. xxxviii. 64, quotes a passage of a pyramid text which may
date from a time before the union of the Two Lands. Piehl, Sphinx, iv.
159, criticising Sethe, renders the text differently.
Foucaet, Comptes Bendus, 1901, 228, discusses the Horus-name of
Narmer, and proposes to read it Beza, the name of the first king of
Dynasty II. A group of signs on the large sculptured mace from
Hierakonpolis, which has been thought to represent a king's name, he
proposes to read Qeb, taking the name to be that of the last king of
Wiedemann, Umschau, March 30th, April 6th, 1901, reviews the new
results of the excavations in Egypt, especially of those made at Hierakonpolis
Erman, A. Z. xxxviii. 114, on a priest of kings of the 1st—Illrd
Dynasties, who lived in the Persian period; with a note on the worship
of old kings revived in late times.
Von Bissing, Bericht d. Diodor uher die Pyramiden. The writer holds
that the description of the pyramids in Diodorus (i. 63, 2 et seqq.) agrees in
general with the facts far better than the account in Herodotus. Pliny
and Diodorus are in noticeable agreement, and must have drawn their
information from the same source, probably from a work by Artemidorus of
Ephesus. Von Bissing endeavours to prove that the same writer inspired
Strabo, and from a comparison of the measurements of Diodorus, Pliny and
Strabo, seeks to reconstruct the measurements of Artemidorus. This
involves some nice questions of metrological conversion, upon which
Professor Nissen contributes a note. The latter is inclined to derive much
of Diodorus' account from Agatharchides. The pamphlet contains many
valuable remarks, e.g., on the use of iron in ancient Egypt: on the employ-
ment of sledges running up slopes of brickwork, instead of cranes, for
raising blocks to the level of high buildings : on the name Khephures, &c.
It will be very useful to Egyptologists and students of the somewhat
neglected Greek historian.