Progress of Egyptology.
Max Muller, 0. L. Z. iv. 85, writing on the origin of the IVtli and Vth
Dynasties in Egypt, suggests that Sakhebu of the Westcar Papyrus is simply
a form of the name of Sekhem, the capital of the Letopolite Nome.
De Eicci, Rev. Arch, xxxvii. 318; on an inscription from Abydos naming
Sethe, Vntersuchungen z. Gesch. u. Alterthumnkunde Aegyptens, ii. 1,
on " Sesostris." The writer helps to identify this king with TJsertesen III.,
to whom the name " Sesostris " is given by Manetho, by reading the name
" Sen-usert" instead of " TJsertesen." Such a reading is quite possible and
very plausible : the difficulty is that the signs are in all cases, whether
early or late, found in the order " Usertesen," and the analogy of feminine
names in sni does not seem quite sufficient to clinch the argument for the
inversion. But Ssthe's very learned essay contains much other reasoning,
and will probably convert most readers to his view. He discusses
the Greek traditions of Sesostris, more especially the long account of
Diodorus, and compares with them the evidence of Middle Kingdom
monuments. Usertesen I. as much as Usertesen III. contributed to the
composition of the hero Sesostris.
Maspeeo, Rev. Crit., June 24th, 1901, re views the above, and is disposed
to accept the reading Sen-usert for Usertesen.
Sayce, P. 8. J3. A. xxiii. 95, on the Hyksos kings and their scarabs
Wiedemann, 0. L. Z. iv. 110, and Piehl, Sphinx, iv. 80, review
Steindorff's Blicthezeit des Pharaonenreichs.
The second number of Sethe's Untersuchungen II. is by Professor
Beeasted, and is entitled A new chapter in the life of Tliothmose III. The
writer, accepting Sethe's arrangement of the history of Hatshepsut, retrans-
lates an inscription on the youth and coronation of Thothmes III., the broken
lines of which had previously been read always backwards, i.e. in the reverse
of the true order. The inscription indicates that in early youth Thothmes
was a priest in the temple of Amen. His mother was not of royal blood.
Prof. Breasted argues that in early youth he was an obscure person and by
his marriage with Hatshepsut obtained a better claim to the throne than
Thothmes I. His claim was taken up by the priests of Amen, who contrived
by means of an oracle given at a ceremony, at which Thothmes I. and the
future Thothmes III. were both present, to make Thothmes III. king. It is
very unfortunate that the inscription is so much injured, but the translation
is carefully worked out. Professor Breasted considers that Hatshepsut's
account of her coronation at Der el Bahri is untrustworthy, the date of New
Year's Day especially being contradicted by the inscriptions on her obelisk.