Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1900-1901

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


publishing and discussing criticisms of his previous paper on the same
subject. He still considers the palaeolithic age of the implements as not

Petrie, Diospolis Parva. (Extra publication of the E.E.F., sold to
subscribers on reduced terms.) This memoir, while recording the writer's
excavations in 1898-1899 on the site from which it takes its title, contains
also the theory of a system of " sequence " dating and its application to the
prehistoric antiquities of the Stone-and-hammered-Copper Age previously
discovered in Egypt. The succession of the types of pottery and associated
antiquities in some thousands of graves is ingeniously made out from the
records of the excavations at Nakadeh, Ballas, etc., and the types are then
numbered in sequence from 30 to 80 in a series which allows for additions
at the beginning and end as discovery progresses. In regard to the
general position of the prehistoric cemeteries, Professor Petrie, in
Diospolis Parva, is inclined to attach Sequence No. 30 pretty closely to
the end of tbe palaeolithic culture in Egypt, and to allow about 300 years
for the period between 80 and the 1st Dynasty of Manetho. The work and
investigations of this year have proved, however, that there is no gap
between 80 and the 1st Dynasty : some of the excavators are ready to put
Menes as contemporary with 75, or earlier.

Libyan Notes, by David Randall-MacIyer and Anthony Wilkin.
This handsome and valuable memoir, illustrated with numerous photo-
graphs, gives the results of an expedition to Algeria undertaken in the
spring of last year to investigate the supposed relationship of the pre-
historic Egyptians with the Libyans. The volume is full of interesting and
precise observations on the handicrafts, manners, etc. of the Kabyle and
Chawie Berbers. According to the authors, the results of sifting the
archaeological evidence and of the new observations go to show that the
Libyans can be connected with the prehistoric Egyptians : " (1) by an extra-
ordinary and minute resemblance of the modern Kabyle pottery to the pre-
historic pottery of Egypt; (2) by the close resemblance of the character
and detail of the decorative art, as exemplified chiefly by the patterns on the
above mentioned pottery; (8) by the existence, probably at a contemporary
period, of the same script in both countries." As to the supposed
connexion of the Egyptian Neith with Libya, this is considered doubtful.
The ancient evidence from Libya is as yet very slight and. unsatisfactory,
and it is to be hoped that further investigations will decide whether these
arguments rest merely on unrelated coincidences. On the other hand, the
anthropometrical evidence, carefully observed and worked out, decides
clearly against the supposition of racial affinity between Egyptians and
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