Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1900-1901

Seite: 56
DOI Artikel: 10.11588/diglit.12583.7
DOI Seite: 10.11588/diglit.12583#0072
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Lizenz: Creative Commons - Namensnennung - Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen

Peogeess op Egyptology.

fee placed later than the first half of that century, while it may quite well
be earlier. Eohde's view, which makes Chariton one of the last of the
Greek romance-writers, consequently becomes untenable. The papyrus
also gives us a specimen of the text a thousand years older than
the Florence MS. which has hitherto been the sole authority for the
work; but the divergences are not great. The other literary contents of
the volume are a curious Jbyjic_ fragment, apparently a vision of an
Inferno; four Homers (17. viii. 332-336, 362-369, i. 404-447, xxi. 26-41,
and Od. vi. 201-300); a Demosthenes {Phil, iii., §§ 121, 122); a Euclid
(i. 39 and 41, 40 being omitted); and a commentary on the Topics of
Aristotle (ii. 2). Palaeographically the two last-mentioned Homer MSS.
are of interest; for we doubt whether the editors would have ventured to
date them so early as the beginning of the first century, if they had not
been found with a number of documents of the reign of Augustus.

More important, on the whole, than any of the fragments hitherto
mentioned, are some isolated publications of literary texts on the Continent.
Mention was made in last year's Eeport of a Hesiodic fragment at
Strassburg, published by JReitzenstein. Another very interesting text of
the same kind has been published by Prof. von. Wilamowitz-Moellendorff.3
Like the Strassburg fragment, it appears to belong to the Hesiodic
Galalogues, its subject being the wooing of Helen. Several of her suitors
are described, among them Odysseus, who, with an effective touch of
humour, is said to have refrained from bringing any gifts, because he
knew he should be unsuccessful in his suit. He was willing enough to
come and be entertained with the rest, but he was not going to put
himself to needless expense. Prof, von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff gives
photographs of both Hesiodic fragments, which show that both must
have been exceptionally beautiful manuscripts. The Strassburg papyrus
is apparently the earlier of the two, and may fairly be assigned to the
first century, having decided affinities with the British Museum Odyssey
papyrus. The Berlin MS. is in a rather stiffer and more formal hand,
and may probably be placed in the second century.

Another Hesiodic publication of the year is made by Wessely and Ezach
in the former's new Studien zur Pcdaeographie und Papyruslcunde (see
No. 17 below). It consists of a number of additional fragments of the
papyrus in the Bainer collection, originally published by Wessely in
1887. These show that the MS. contained the Theogonia as well as the
Works and Days and the JBMeld. Dr. Wessely gives a hand-made
facsimile of all the extant fragments. The manuscript is in codex form,
with numbered leaves, from which it may be gathered that the three
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