Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1903-1904

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Pkogress of Egyptology.

close to the cultivated land. Unfortunately it had been so plundered that
only three perfect pots and fragments of other types were obtained. On
the outskirts of the ancient town was discovered a small temple or shrine,
built for the worship of Thothmes III., most likely erected during the
XlXth Dynasty. It contained a number of interesting steles, several in
excellent preservation and carefully executed; most of them bore the pre-
nomen and nomen of the king. Situated about 500 yards to the south of
the town was a fairly extensive animal cemetery. In the portion nearest
the cultivated land were found the remains of oxen, simply placed in
shallow pits, generally several in one grave; there were no signs of their
having been mummified, except in one or two cases, in which fragments of
cloth were found adhering to the skulls. Near the oxen were goats, some
with very fine horns. Further on the graves were more numerous, and
nearly all contained fish, chiefly Lates niloticus, the so-called Nile perch, of
which some of the specimens measured were over 5 feet long. Three other
species were found, viz., Bajrus docmac, Synodontis schal, and Clarias
lazera, the ' armoot' of the Arabs. In nearly every case the preservative
used was burnt ash made from halfa grass. Besides the fish, one cat, one
dog, and a few sheep were found. The remainder of the season was
occupied in opening numbers of XVIIIth and XINth Dynasty graves,
which yielded a fair number of objects, but nothing of exceptional interest."

Saqqaea.—Mr. Weigall writes regarding his work for Freiherr von

"Theniastaba of Gem-ne-ka, Vizir and Chief Justice under King Teti of
the Vlth Dynasty, is situated in the Necropolis of Sakkara to the
immediate east of the more famous tomb of Meri or Mereruka. It was
discovered in 1893, and was opened to the public in the same year. It
consists of five chambers, the walls of which are covered with scenes and
inscriptions in the usual coloured relief. Some of these scenes are of
extreme interest, and are executed with such care and precision of detail
that they are said to be the finest known specimens of the work of the
Vlth Dynasty. The representation of the farms of Gem-ne-ka is
especially interesting, an important feature being the fattening and feeding
of tame hyaenas for eating purposes. Other scenes represent the snaring
of birds by traps laid in the marshes, the netting of fish, and some aquatic
scenes. On one wall Gem-ne-ka is shown seated in his chair, carried on
the shoulders of a number of his servants, and accompanied by the court
dwarf, several dogs, and a pet monkey.

"For some time Freiherr von Bissing, of the University of Munich, and
member of the Archaeological Committee of the Egyptian Government,
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