Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1903-1904

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Progress of Egyptology.


Last year's Report was written too soon to take account of the annual
volume issued for the Graeco-Roman Branch by Messrs. Grenfell and
Hunt, which was published at the end of September. The volume for the
present year appeared in June; consequently both volumes 1 must be
described in the present Report, in winch they naturally take the first place,
on account both of the quality and of the quantity of their contents. Both
contain an unusual quantity of literary texts, and consequently interest
a much wider circle than that of professed students of papyri; while
vol. iv. includes several documents of quite exceptional importance. In
vol. iii. the theological documents contain two Biblical texts (Mt. i. 21-
ii. 2, and 1 John iv. 11-17) of no great value; a leaf from the Apocalypse
ofBaruch, of considerable interest as the first specimen of the Greek text of
this book from which the extant Syriac version was derived ; three small
fragments identified by Mr. Bartlet as part of the lost Greek ending of the
Slapherd of Hennas ; and seven scraps in which the Dean of Westminster
most brilliantly recognized the original text of Irenaeus adv. Ilaereses iii. 9,
and noted also that a Biblical quotation contained in it is even more
" Western " in character than in the Latin version in which alone it has
hitherto been known. The new classical texts include a tantalizing
fragment of a Pindar MS., with a few intact lines ; about 100 lines (nearly
all needing restoration) from the KoXat; of Menander; part of a sketch of
the life of Alcibiades ; two columns containing the end of book xviii. of the
KeoTol of Julius Africanus, valuable both for the evidence which it gives
as to the identity of the author and the size of his work, and also
palaeographically, since it must have been written between a.d. 225 and 275 ;
and some extremely curious fragments of a farce and of a mime, the former
including specimens of a barbaric language in which some Indian elements
may be concealed. The other new literary texts are small and of slight
importance. Of known authors we have no less than forty-four portions of
Homer, of which only four are thought worthy of publication in full, one
of them (of II. vi.) containing notes and critical marks, besides some good
readings. The other authors represented are Euripides, Thucydides, Plato,
Aeschines, Demosthenes, and Xenophon, but the papyri are small, and
contain little of textual importance: the most noteworthy are fragments of
the Gorgias (not, however, the first papyrus of this dialogue, since Wessely
has already published one from the Eainer collection) and the Anabasis.
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