Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1903-1904

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Progress or Egyptology.

Eevillout discusses tlie Kufi dialogue Rev. Eg. xi. 34, and writes on le
premier et le dernier des moralistes de VAncienne JEgypte. Bessarione,
Serie ii.; v. 227, 389, vi. 26, 125, 243 (moral papyrus of Leyden, Kufi, etc.).

Krall lias found small fragments of a new demotic story, the plot of
■which seems to have heen laid in India. Verh. Orient. Oongr. 1902, 345.

Baillet has printed a poetical version of the song of the harper of
King Antef, together with the death-song of the anchorite Serapion :
adding to them an original lyric reflection in the same style. La
Quinzaine, 1"' Avril, 1904.


Calice points out an expression for hanging the body of a criminal on
a stake. A. Z. xl. 148.

Natural History and Science.

MM. Lortet and Gaillard of Lyon have published a handsomely
illustrated volume on the mummied animals, birds, reptiles, and fishes,
furnished to them mainly in the last two years through the instrumentality
of M. Maspero, together with shells from Legrain's excavations at Karnak.
The specimens, after examination at Lyon, are to be returned to the Cairo
Museum. Not much information is given from the archaeological stand-
point, but the observations are full enough to indicate to the archaeologist
what he requires. In the absence of inscriptions the dating of the
specimens must be a matter of difficulty, but from general considerations
and from the figures given of some of the specimens they may be con-
jectured to be mainly of the Roman age and two or three centuries earlier.
In the case of the wild creatures no important differences are observed
between their bones and those of modern specimens. The sacred ibis
shows apparently the result of semi-domestication in its larger size and
longer shanks. The different kinds of raptorial birds are mummified
together in rolls made up of many species according to their abundance
in the country. Apparently incongruous animals are placed together
in the same mummy case, possibly in connexion with the different
attributes of one deity. A well-shaped mummy of a large animal, such
as a bull, may contain bones collected at haphazard from a number of in-
dividual oxen with some intermixture of other kinds, the main point being
t he head of an ox or calf to finish it off, and the bones are of male animals.
These facts illustrate Herodotus' account of the burial of bulls. The
■observations on the dog, cat, ox, and sheep are specially interesting. This
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