unrolled last year (cf. p. 17 of last year's Report). Early Ptolemaic papyri
from mummy cartonnage are, as a whole, far more difficult to decipher
than Roman texts, the ink being often very faint, the subjects particularly
varied, and the extant parallels relatively few. Hence for their elucidation
a considerable time is required, and we shall be unable to issue the
volume before our departure for Egypt; but it will be printed during our
absence and published as soon as possible after our return.
Amongst the most important of the new classical pieces are fragments
of the Oineus of Euripides, of Epicharmus, of a comedy by Philemon
upon which Plautus based his Aulnlaria, and of the speech of Lysias
against Theozotides, a philosophical fragment, probably by Theophrastus,
and part of a discourse on music, perhaps by Hippias of Elis. Homer is
represented by a number of pieces, chiefly from the Iliad, which exhibit
marked divergences from the vulgate, and there are also fragments of the
Iphigeneia in Tauris and Electro, of Euripides. The longest of all the
literary fragments contains upwards of 300 lines from the treatise on
Rhetoric addressed to Alexander, formerly assigned to Aristotle, but now
generally regarded as the work of Anaximenes. The non-literary docu-
ments, which come from the Heracleopolite and Oxyrhynchite nomes,
provide a useful contrast to the early papyri from the Fayum. Very few
of them are later than the third Ptolemy, and several belong to the first
half of Philadelphus' reign, a period hitherto very sparsely represented,
while one contract, which was written in the fifth year of Soter I., has by
far the oldest date yet found on a Greek papyrus. Of considerable length
and special interest is an astronomical calendar for the Saite nome in
about b.c. 300, which is based upon the system of Eudoxus and provides
incidentally some valuable information about Graeco-Egyptian deities and
A map of the mounds at Oxyrhynchus to illustrate our series of
excavations is in process of preparation, and we hope to issue it in Part V.
of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri which may be expected in 1907.
Beknabd P. Gbbnfell.
Akthui! S. Hunt.