Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1904-1905

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Progress of Egyptology.

false doors, and in making facsimiles of the inscriptions. These ladies
gave their services from the beginning of December, 1904, to the end of
January, 1905. We lived in the small E.R.A. hut, near Mariette's house.
I had seventeen workmen and boys from Saqqara village, making the
necessary clearances, and was chiefly occupied with encouraging them, and
with making plans, sections, and elevations of each building while it was

"The earliest tomb-chapel which we copied was of the IVth Dynasty, all
the others were probably of the Vth Dynasty: most of them had the roof
still in place, and were accessible by their passage and doorway, but many
were in a fragmentary state; and, not having a concession for actual exca-
vating, we could not attempt the complete clearance, or reproduction in
publication, of any of them.

" The list of them is given in more or less chronological order ; the
numbers refer to Mariette's Mastabas:—Nefert (C. 26), Ne-ka-ankh
(D. 48), Anpu-ka-p (D. 57), Per-sen (D. 45), Zefau (D. 25), Khnum-
hotep (D. 49), and Akhet-hotep (E. 17).

" Of these, by far the finest is the chapel of Khnum-hotep, where sailing-
boats, a herd of donkeys, and other subjects, are carved with minute
detail, in the most delicate style of bas-relief of the Vth Dynasty. Per-sen
showed also delicate work.

" The copies of all the scenes and inscriptions were done in actual size by
dry-squeeze, drawn in on the spot, and are therefore in fac-simile. They
will be reproduced, with plans, sections, and elevations, in the forthcoming-
volume, Saqqara Mastabas, Part II."

And Prof. Petrie adds :—■

" As Mr. Currelly is not in England, a brief statement of his work is given
in his absence. After excavating at Serabit up to the limits of the grant
from the Fund, he took part of the workmen further in Sinai on the charge
of the Research Account. At the Convent of Mt. Sinai he examined the
old rubbish heaps, searching for documents; but found that the organic
matter was so rotted by melting snows that nothing was preserved. He
then cleared out many of the nawamis, or bee-hive tombs. These proved
to have been built with great regularity, by a civilized people. Shell beads
and bracelets were the commonest objects in them; but some pure copper
borers and small pieces were found, and a disc bead of sard. These latter
contents indicate the prehistoric age. In the Wady Ahmar he found a
factory of small flint tools, delicately chipped, many being drills; with these
were an unfinished bead of alabaster, and chips of quartz, calcite and other
stones, which seem to indicate a bead factory. After visiting the Tih
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