Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1904-1905

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Pbogress of Egyptology.

varying between about 2| and 5| artabas. This papyrus also forms the
subject of another article by Prof. E. de Buggiero.22

Finally, twelve ostraka in the Victoria Museum at TJpsala have been
published by 0. Lagercrantz.23 One, the longest, contains the record of
the settlement of a litigation; the others are tax-receipts of the usual hind,
of the 1st century, ten being for poll-tax and one for the tax on employments

Of publications other than editions of texts, the most important is
M. Bouche-Leclercq's Eistoire des Lagides,-*1 of which the second volume
has now appeared. These two volumes contain the full narrative of the
Ptolemaic Dynasty, from b.c. 323 to 30. They deal, however, mainly with
the political and military history, for which we are still compelled to
depend mainly on the literary authorities, with only incidental help from
papyri and inscriptions; the internal and economic history, for which the
papyri are of primary importance, is reserved for a third volume, for which
no speedy appearance is promised. By a free use of foot-notes, M. Bouche-
Leclercq tries to give the accurate documentation of Strack without losing
the consecutive readableness of the narrative characteristic of Mahaffy ;
find he obtains a very fair measure of success. Detailed criticism would
be impossible here, but for the present, at any rate, this must be the
standard book of reference on the subject.

The history of the Ptolemies also forms an important part of the third
volume of Beloch's " History of Greece,"25 which deals with the period of
the Diadochi. The first part of the volume contains the history proper, both
external and internal, the attempt being made to deal with all the kingdoms
of itlexander's successors in one view, instead of treating each by itself in
a separate section. The second part consists of a number of detached
essays upon special subjects requiring more detailed treatment than can be
given in a continuous narrative. One of these essays deals with the
calendar, another with the Ptolemaic royal house, and a third (expanded
from an article published in the Archie in 1903) with the external
possessions of the Ptolemies.

In last year's report mention was made of a dissertation by Dr. W.
Otto on the organisation of the Greek priesthoods in Egypt. This has
now reappeared as part of a larger work on "Priests and Temples in
Hellenistic Egypt."26 The chapters which now appear for the first time
deal with the deities worshipped in Ptolemaic Egypt, the manning of the
ranks of the various priesthoods, and the property of the temples ; an
appendix gives the necessary corrections and additions to the sections
previously published. The work is very good and thorough, and will be
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