Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1904-1905

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Gbaeco-Koman Egypt.


of lasting value. A second volume is promised shortly. Dr. Otto lias
also published a short note on some Egyptian measures of liquid capacity,
notably the " Saitic " measure of 22 gia-ratJW

Measures of capacity (liquid and dry) are also the subject of Professor
Hultsch's final chapters on Egyptian Metrology in the Archiv, together
with a short section on measures of length and area.28 The subject is not
so controversial as that of the coinage and currency, and the data of the
papyri are usefully summarized. Among the results which seemed fairly
certain is Wilcken's identification of the Kepd/xiov with the metretes of 8
choes, used for measuring wine ; but this is no sooner accepted by Hultsch
than it is upset by Smyly's publication of a Petrie papyrus which men-
tions icepa/Ma of 5, 6, and 7 choes, as well as 8, while the metretes is of 6
choes. It may also be observed that the identification of the x^P0V
(/xovo^copov, Siywpoi1, k.t.X) with the Hebrew kor, which Hultsch likewise
accepts from Wileken, is incompatible with the fact that 8 p^ovb^wpa are
found constituting an ass's load, which would not be possible if the
/xovoxcopov contained 364-7 litres (about 80 gallons).

The latest part of the Bulletin de la Societe Archeologique of Alexandria
(now edited by Professor E. Breccia) contains a long article by the editor
on the site and excavations of Hermopolis,29 from which so many papyri
have found their way to Europe. Several photographs are given of the
existing ruins, and a list of the papyri hitherto published from this source.
Professor Breccia also commences a chronicle30 of recent acquisitions of the
Museum of Alexandria, including inscriptions, sculptures, vase-fragments,
and smaller objects.

M. Jean Lesquier, besides co-operating in the last part of the Griechisehe
Urhunden, has published a careful summary of the evidence as yet extant
with regard to the recruiting of the Roman army in Egypt in the first and
second centuries.31 The scanty evidence available points to a large infusion
of Galatian Gauls in the first century, and to conscription among tho
Egyptians in the second. In this connection the question of the iirUpiai<;
naturally arises, and Lesquier, like most other students of the subject,
rejects Meyer's theory that the larger process of eirUpiai^, by which lads
were admitted into the privileged ranks of persons exempt from poll-tax,
also automatically furnished a list of recruits for the army.

The often-discussed question of the position of the Jews in Roman
Egypt, and their conflicts with their neighbours, is resumed by Von
Dobschiitz for an American audience.3' His article summarizes the narra-
tive of Philo and the papyri published by Wileken, Reinach, and Grenfell
and Hunt (the texts of which are reprinted), and gives an able and
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