Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1905-1906

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Peogress of Egyptology.

largest of the remaining texts deals with, the nervous system, but is, un-
fortunately, much mutilated; the rest are quite short. Facsimiles are given
of all the papyri; that of P. 9095 shows a particularly fine small hand of
the first century. The second Berlin publication5 is of more substantial
importance. It contains a treatise entitled " The Principles of Ethics, by
Hierocles " (IepcxXeovs 'Hdim) ^TOL-^elwa^), which was written on the back
of Didymus' commentary on Demosthenes (No. 3 in Report for 1903-04).
Considerations of style prove sufficiently that the author is the same
Hierocles, a Stoic and a contemporary of Epictetus, from whom consider-
able excerpts are given by Stobaeus; but the present MS. contains only
portions (perhaps two-thirds) of the first book, from which Stobaeus does
not quote. It deals with the psychological preliminaries of ethics
(sensation, perception, consciousness, and the like); and though it does not
add greatly to our knowledge of the Stoic philosophy, it is an instructive
example of the professional text-books produced in the second century
of our era. The MS. itself belongs to the same century, and cannot be
much later than the author. It is edited by H. von Arnim, with the
assistance of W. Schubart. The Stobaeus-excerpts are printed with it,
and a facsimile is given of two columns of the papyrus.

The other literary publications of the year are mainly the outcome of
the mummy-cartonnages obtained by Messrs. Grenf'ell and Hunt at
Hibeh, and b}' MM. Jouguet and Lefebvre at Grhoran; and, as an almost
inevitable consequence, they are extremely fragmentary. The Hibeh
literary texts0 have received such restoration as is possible at the hands
of Prof. Elass, wdio has also made various tentative suggestions as to
their authors. There are some trochaic tetrameters which claim Epi-
charmus as their author, tragic fragments which Blass assigns to
Sophocles' Tyro and Euripides' Oenetis (the latter belonging to the same
neatly written papyrus as the two fragments already published in Grenfell
and Hunt's Greeh Papyri, II. 1), portions apparently of the comedy
(perhaps by Philemon) from which Plautus derived his Aulularia, two
columns of a treatis3 on music, perhaps by Hippias, some very fragmentary
portions of the oration of Lysias against Theozotides, one column of
sayings of Simonides, and (the longest, and perhaps the least interesting
of the new texts), a rhetorical exercise (not a true oration, in the
opinion of Blass, which seems sound) on the Lamian War. More
valuable are the MSS. of texts already extant. There are five
MSS. of Homer, all of which (like all the third century B.C. papyri
yet discovered) contain several more lines than the vulgate text. One
(II. ii and iii) has 13 new lines to 93 old; another (//. iii-v) only one
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