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Egypt Exploration Fund [Editor]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1905-1906

DOI article:
Davies, Norman de Garis: Egypt Exploration Fund: archaeological survey
DOI article:
Grenfell, Bernard P.; Hunt, Arthur S.: Egypt Exploration Fund: graeco-roman branch (excavations at Oxyrhynchus)
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Egypt Exploration Fund.


Detained unexpectedly late on other sites, I did not reach my old
quarters in the tombs of Hagg Qandil till mid-April. The season proving
unusually cool, however, I was able to work six weeks in comfort, and had
the pleasure of being joined for a fortnight by Mr. Harold Jones, who
threw himself with zeal into the work. With this reinforcement several
of the most tedious and difficult tasks were faced, and we had the pleasure
before we left of seeing the end of our undertaking in this district well in
view, though still deferred. The two groups of tombs and the boundary
stelae will be comprised in six memoirs of the Survey, the fourth of which
will appear in the autumn of this year.

N. de Garis Davies,


Excavations at Oxyrhynchus.

We began our fifth season's work at Behnesa on December 6th, 1905,
with no very great expectations. After four winters spent in excavating
the site of Oxyrhynchus, and when most of the earlier rubbish-mounds had
been dug down to the level at winch papyrus ceases to be preserved, it was
hardly to be hoped that discoveries of literary papyri on a quite excep-
tional scale were still in store for us. Fortune, however, as the event
proved, had reserved her most precious gifts until the fifth season, the
results of which surpass even those of the first excavations at Oxyrhynchus
in 1897.

The mounds of which the excavation had for various reasons been
postponed until last winter are situated in the central portion of the site.
Only in one comparatively small group of these was it certain that
papyri earlier than the fourth century would be forthcoming near the
surface. In the other mounds the Roman layers were known to be more
or less deeply buried under Byzantine accumulations dating from the
fifth century onwards. Hitherto all the chief finds of literary papyri at
Oxyrhynchus have been made in the earlier strata ; and the experience of
former years had not led us to expect very much of importance either from
fifth to seventh century rubbish, in which literary pieces are generally scarce,
or from the deeper levels, in which papyri of any description tend to be in
very poor condition. Since it was uncertain whether a continuance of the
excavations would be possible in the future, we were anxious to turn over