Egypt Exploration Fund.
Towards the top of the slope the shafts of the tombs are deeper, and are
partially lined with brick. These had been very thoroughly plundered.
Two were, however, found intact, and give a good idea of this type of
Of one the shaft was 23 feet deep, and bricked for part of the depth.
About 8 feet down a small niche had been cut in the west side and sealed
up with brickwork. Inside the niche were several small wooden statuettes,
almost entirely destroyed by white ants, and a large number of small
pottery vases and bowls ; immediately outside the niche, and lying loose
in the sand of the shaft, were a large mass of vases, many of which were
made of sun-dried mud. The burial chamber (also closed with brickwork)
was situated on the north side of the shaft, and measured 10 X 6 x 4 feet.
An oblong wooden coffin lay against the west wall. On this had been
placed two small wooden boxes, one of which contained four alabaster
vases, a vase of serpentine and a copper mirror; the other contained a
single large alabaster vase and three narrow strips of ivory. Banged
along the side and foot of the coffin were a large number of pottery vases,
and near the head were two large fiat dishes, on which were placed the
bones of an ox (scapula, humerus and ribs), and also the remains of two
or three small birds.
The graves of the Xllth Dynasty were either similar in type to the
second class of the older burials or had double chambers at the bottom of
the shaft containing several (generally three) burials in each chamber;
these had been partially broken up by superimposed vaults of the
The alabaster vases, beads and pottery from these graves were of the
usual type, and do not call for special comment.
The XA7IIIth Dynasty tombs consisted of a brick-lined shaft with a
vaulted chamber on each side containing numerous burials. All except
one had been plundered; and this was absolutely crammed with bodies
whose chief funerary furniture seems to have been pottery vases of well-
known types, small formless masses of clay containing each a few grains
of wheat, clay votive female figures, and occasionally a blue glazed dish
with a pattern in black on the inside. A few scarabs and beads were
One tomb of a later period was opened. A shallow shaft led down
to a vaulted brick chamber, in which stood two large rough lime-
stone sarcophagi containing the wooden coffins and bodies of a man
and his wife. Only the coffin of the