Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1908-1909

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


Champollion's decipherments in France and laid the foundations of a
school of Egyptology in Paris.

In a volume entitled (Euvrcs egyptologiques cle W. N. Groff publiees par
sa smur avcc I'aide de G. Maspeeo—(Euvrcs frangaises (reviewed by
Andeesson, Sphinx, xiii. 25) are collected a number of essays by an
American Egyptologist who died in 1901. Geoff was born in America
in 1857, and began his Egyptian studies in Paris in 1878; in 1890 he
went to Algiers, and thence, in 1891, to Cairo, where he remained till
he finally removed to Athens in 1899. His chief interests were in
the relations of Egypt with the Biblical narrative, treated in a critical
manner. He was the first to point out the occurrence of the name of
Joseph along with that of Jacob in the lists of the Syrian conquests of
Tethmosis III. While in Egypt he contributed many articles to the
Bulletin of the Institut Egyptien, and to several journals not very
accessible to Egyptologists. The articles date from 1885 onward. A
brief biography by his sister, Miss Florence Geoff, and a portrait, are

A bust of Kael Pieiil has been placed in the Cairo Museum.
Andeesson, Sphinx, xii. 47.

Gauthiee, in Bidlctin, vi. 65, writes of Pierre l'Anglois, who, in 1583,
published a Diseours des Hieroglyphcs er/ypticns connecting the origin of
heraldry with Egyptian hieroglyphic. M. Gauthiee comments on the
curious list of authorities named as the sources of L'Anglois' information,
and concludes with a list of later would-be decipherers down to the date
of Champollion's discovery of the alphabet.



The past year has been comparatively uneventful, both in discoveries
and in publications. jn~o discovery of the first rank has been announced;
and while more than one meritorious work has been published, they are
for the most part of somewhat special and limited interest. The field of
papyrology, its first natural fertility being exhausted, is now being worked
on the principle of intensive culture, and each separate plot is being forced
by repeated manipulation to yield its fullest contribution to the harvest of
learning. The only volume which stands out, alike for general compre-
hensiveness and special interest, is the sixth volume of the Oxyrhynchus
Papyri} This, though it does not equal its immediate predecessor,
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