Egypt Exploration Fund   [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1908-1909

Seite: 68
DOI Artikel: 10.11588/diglit.12420.6
DOI Seite: 10.11588/diglit.12420#0082
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http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/archaeological_report1908_1909/0082
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68

Pkogkess of Egyptology

from the White Monastery. He ascribes it to the 14th century at earliest.
If so, the inscription in Bohairic is not abnormal. I should think, from
the style of lettering, that an earlier date might be defended. Around the
bowl are New Testament scenes. Instead of that described as Constantino
and Helena at Jerusalem, I would suggest the angel and women at the
tomb.

Jean Maspero describes 104 certain small bracelets, in silver or bronze,
ornamented with medallions which show perhaps gnostic influence, and
inscribed with Ps. xc (xci), 1. Some at least are of Egyptian origin. They
have presumably protective virtue and may belong to the 7th century.

F. "VVitte describes 3 pieces of Egyptian embroidery103 and suggests
interpretations of their designs. The first is as likely to represent a martyr
among lions, attended by crown-bearing angels, as Daniel.

Dom Cabrol's Dictionary contains a long article by H. Leuleecq 106 upon
the Christian monuments of Old Cairo. All available material is utilized
and amply illustrated. The most instructive paragraphs are perhaps those
treating of the decadence of Byzantine art, as exhibited in ' Coptic'
sculpture.

LEPtOY continues his translation of Makrizi's Churches and Monasteries,
suggesting some variations from that of Evetts.107

In the designs (especially in embroidery) ornamenting certain of the
mummies from Antinoe, E. Guimet recognizes an eclectic combination of
pagan and Christian symbolism.108 Even in a depiction of Apollo and
Daphne he sees emblems of the Besurrection, while the crux ansata may
indicate either cult.

Nubia continues to draw away the attention of archaeologists from
Egypt itself; but so far the plentiful Christian remains have been but
scantily described.109 Christian burials, of the type called the ' X group,'
are met with on all sides, and are assigned to the 2nd-6th centuries. S. of
Gerf Hussein, the Christian graves again have superstructures; at Kosh-
tamneh they are oriented to the west. Ethnologically the Christian
cemeteries show a type identical with the modem inhabitants, though
some bodies from the earlier periods point to foreign immigration.

An important discovery was made by Sayce 110 at Sennar, 200 m. S. of
Khartum, where Christianity had hitherto not been traced. Among
pottery of the 7th-8th century, he came upon the unmistakable symbols—
cross, fish, and palm leaves.

9. Miscellaneous.—Here we again place 0. von Lemji's valuable con-
tributions, dealing as they do with such a variety of subjects. Among
his Studies,111 no. li consists of notes and identification regarding Leipoldt's
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