Aldrich, Henry; Smyth, Philip [Übers.]
The Elements Of Civil Architecture: According To Vitruvius And Other Ancients, And The Most Approved Practice Of Modern Authors, Especially Palladio — London, 1789 [Cicognara, 395]

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with {tone, mortar, &c. at random. The planks being
taken away, the wall O O appears ; and is called farinaceous.
To this species, namely sixth, the seventh may be referred,
which may be seen in the ancient walls at Naples. There
are two walls P P of square Hones, four feet thick ; their
distance six feet. They are bound together by the transverse
walls Q_Q_at the same distance. The cavity RR left between
is six feet square, and is filled up with Hones and earth.
According to Palladio, great care and art is necessary to
conned! the Hones, and that a proper jundfure is esfential to the
beauty and strength of the work. This effect the ancients pro-
duced in such a manner as to escape the eye: They laid their
Hone first in its natural Hate, and asterward polished those parts
that were exposed to view. As the wall rises above the ground
its thickness should diminish proportionably in the manner of a
graduated Pyramid. The inside siruchtre os the wall should be
in a perpendicular line. The thickness of the % Podium or foot
of the wall is half that of the foundation: in the middle of the
wall, or, front band, the thickness is diminished half a brick ;
at the top, or crown of the building, another half brick is
taken away. Some sculpture or basse relies should conceal
outwardly the gradual diminution.
Above all, attention should be paid to the angles, which
should be rendered as firm as posilble with long and hard Hone
laid with a level and rule. The openings, windows, &c.
should be removed from the angles as far at leass as the quan-
tum of their breadth.
§. 4. The walls being finished the roos is to be put on,
which antiently used to be siat; and in warm climates is so
now. In cold and temperate climates experience has taught -
men to carry off the droppings from their ihelving roofs by
placing gutters in them to colled! the water falling from the
eaves, and to convey it by pipes into the part of the court-yard,
which they termed Impluvium.
* Called by the Italian writers il Poggio,
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