Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1900-1901

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Christian Egypt.


we need not describe its course. Prof. Eeitzenstein has, we understand,
likewise taken a part in it.

In a review of Mr. Griffith's Stories of the High Priests, Dr. von
Dobschiitz13' lays stress on the parallels—not unnoticed indeed by
Mr. Griffith—which these demotic tales present to certain features
and devices of early Christian narrative, recurrent especially in the
apocryphal Gospels of the Infancy. The persistence of such features into
the Christian period helps us, he thinks, to understand the growth of some
of the early heresies, such as Docetisin.

2. Gnostic. Prof. Hebbelynck continues his publication of the Oxford
Gnostic MS., The Mysteries of the Greek Letters, and has given us, this
year, four more instalments of text and translation.13

Dr. K. Liechtenhan discusses li at great length Dr. Schmidt's edition of
the Bruce Papyrus. His criticism bears chiefly upon Schmidt's views as to
the mutual relationship between the various component parts of these
books and of the Pistis Sophia. The opening section of the latter work
might represent, he suggests, the lost " Gospel of Philip"; the next
following (p. 116 ff. of Latin), the " Questions of Mary," though not those
mentioned by Epiphanius. These together he would regard as, perhaps,
the literature of some ascetic (as opposed to libertine) Gnostic community.

3. Liturgical. The most notable contribution this year to the liturgical
literature is that from Dr. A. Baumstark.13 From the interesting Borgian
MS. in which the same scholar recently recognized an Arabic version
of the Testamentum Domini, we are now given the Arabic text of a
Eucharistic and Baptismal service different, it appears, from any hitherto
known. That the services are for the Egyptian Church is clear, in the
editor's opinion, from certain of the formulae and phrases; while the
position in which the Intercession is found should indicate a date not later
than the latter part of the seventh century. Dr. B. regards it, in short,.as
representing an earlier stage of the Liturgy of S. Mark, and he draws
attention to its likeness—particularly in the baptismal portion—to the
(? fifth or sixth century) liturgy embodied in the so-called Canons of Basil
(v. Biedel, Kirchenrer.htsquellen).

The principal collections of fragments from the Fayyum and Eshniunaiu
contain numerous liturgical texts in varying completeness. M. TuraiefF
prints10 the text of a paper MS. of this class, from W. de Bock's collection,
which consists of a short hymn in Greek, with references to S. Anoup, the
Virgin, and the Three Children. Every addition to our knowledge of the
obscure Upper Egyptian liturgies and rituals is welcome. A considerable
quantity of such material is indeed available, sufficient already, if dealt
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