Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1903-1904

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Archaeology, Hieroglyphic Studies, Etc.


with, very full commentary. Mittheil. d. Vorderasiat. Gesellsch. 1904,

Six writes on the dates of Mykenaean art. Hev. Arch. iv. ser. i. 149.

Sayce on the name of Caphtor at Ombos, Man 1903, No. 77, and Halt,
on Caphtor and Casluhim (?), ib. No. 92.

Lefebure writing on the Egypto-Berber origin of the myth of Aristaeus,
who was taught by Proteus in Egypt how to produce bees from the body of a
dead animal, would trace it to certain rites and representations connected
with Min at Coptos. Les Aheilles d'Aristee, reprinted from ?

Petrie on the Libyan invasion under Merenptah and the Libyan
alliance against Parneses III. P. 8. B. A. xxvi. 36, 40.

Weill discusses the linear Aegean script. Rev. Arch. iv. ser. i. 213.

Max Muller has written an excellent account of Ethiopia in the
popular series Ber Alte Orient. The ancient Ethiopia is geographically
equivalent to Nubia, and the population then, as now, consisted of Nubians
in the Nile valley and Ababdeh in the desert. It was a gold-mining
centre, and the Pharaohs drew supplies of fighting men from the barbarous
tribes; in the New Kingdom they found it worth while to establish stations
and build temples at many points. About 1000 b.c. a family of Egyptian
origin, and descended probably from the priest kings of Thebes, set
up a monarchy under the auspices of the Egyptian god, Amnion of
Thebes and Napata. For a time, while Egypt was ruled by petty kings,
the Ethiopians attained considerable power, giving a dynasty of four
rulers to Egypt and exhibiting at home a certain degree of culture.
But the country quickly relapsed into barbarism, and has probably
contributed nothing to civilization. The extraordinary stories of the
blameless and long-lived Ethiopians found in Homer, Herodotus and some
later writers are dealt with by Max Muller and ingeniously explained, as
well as the transfer of the name Ethiopia to Abyssinia, etc. The curious
Ethiopian writing which originated not later than the beginning of the
Ptolemaic period consisted of about thirty signs, and has not yet been

Max Muller would equate Pliny's Autei and Ptolemy's Adaei with the
Egyptian Antiu = Troglodytes, W. Z. K. M. 1903, 271.

Max Muller criticizes Schack Schackenburg's Studien Heft 5, more
especially the comparison of Egyptian with Nubian. O. L. Z. 1903, 456.

The same scholar criticizes Carl Peter's suggestions of Egyptian
influence in the gold-mining districts of East Africa, pointing out that the
finds of coins point to India as the one country concerning itself with
these mines from b.c. 180 to a.d. 215. O. B. Z. 1903, 397.
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