Egypt Exploration Fund [Hrsg.]
Archaeological report: comprising the work of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the progress of egyptology during the year ... — 1903-1904

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Christian Egypt.


is, however, not yet completed. The most familiar relic from this period
on which the frog appears is a class of earthenware lamp. I do not think
its depiction here has as yet been satisfactorily explained.

Jacoby deals also1S with the description of Christ as an old man of
youthful aspect, which is to be found in several of the apocryphal Acts,
noting that the same appearance is likewise ascribed to Simon Magus and
to Antichrist. This is, he holds, but a survival of the Egyptian myth
symbolizing the sun's course from dawn to sunset. Even in the canonical
Gospels he sees reminiscences of it (Matt. xvii. 2).

A long but clearly written account of the Ophites has been contributed
to Hauck's Reah.ncyclopedie by Liechtenhan,19 whose previous studies
well fit him to treat such subjects.

3. Liturgical. It was announced some time ago that the Coptic Church
was to issue an authoritative edition of its missal (Euchologion). This
has now appeared ;20 and, in the care taken with the text and the wealth of
rubrics and notes, the book is a credit both to its editor, 'Abd al-MessIh,
a Nitrian monk, and to its publisher, C. LABiB. Twenty MSS. are said to
have been consulted ; but, as usual, no description is to be met with more
precise than occasional references to " the ancient copy." The three
Anaphoras are, as in other editions, preceded by the services of Evening
and Morning Incense, and are followed by a number of occasional prayers
(frismah). Much interesting information upon ritual, liturgical books,
and terms is to be found in the notes, while actual as compared with earlier
usage is frequently recorded. The text of the services differs not appreciably
from the Eomanized editions (r. Report, 1899-1900, 52), excepting of
course in a few Monophysite features (certain names in the diptychs, the
absence of that of the Pope and of the Council of Chalcedon, the omission
of the filioque). A section is inserted giving (after five MSS.) those of
Ibn al-Assal's canons which relate to the mass.

Some attention has of late been paid to the metrical compositions of the
Egyptian Church, and it is a pity that A. Mallon's good description and
analysis of the Theotokia,-1 wherein the most popular of them are collected,
should be based solely upon one modern copy; though it is true that no
MS. of more than some two centuries old seems to be extant.

It seems appropriate to refer here to vox Lemm's edition of what remains
of the Sa'idic Triadon-'2 (Zoega cccxii), although it cannot be certainly
affirmed that the composition has a liturgical purpose. Its great value lies
in its rich vocabulary, and all will be grateful for this careful priut of both
Coptic and Arabic texts, in the latter of which von Rosen has given
assistance. Translation and commentary are to follow later. The editor
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